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13-cis retinoic acid (13-cis RA; also known as isotretinoin) is the most potent agent available for treatment of acne. It is known that the drug induces apoptosis in cells cultured from human sebaceous glands, but its mechanism of action has not been determined. In this study, skin biopsies were taken from 7 patients with acne prior to and at 1 week of(More)
SP-A, SP-B, and SP-D are pulmonary surfactant proteins. Several linkage and association studies have been done using these genes as markers to locate pulmonary disease susceptibility genes, but few have studied the markers systematically in different ethnic groups. Here we studied eight markers in SP-A, SP-B, and SP-D genes in seven ethnic groups from three(More)
Chronic airway inflammation caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an important feature of cystic fibrosis (CF). Surfactant protein A (SP-A) enhances phagocytosis of P. aeruginosa. Two genes, SP-A1 and SP-A2, encode human SP-A. We hypothesized that genetically determined differences in the activity of SP-A1 and SP-A2 gene products exist. To test this, we(More)
The pathogenesis of acne has been linked to multiple factors such as increased sebum production, inflammation, follicular hyperkeratinization, and the action of Propionibacterium acnes within the follicle. In an attempt to understand the specific genes involved in inflammatory acne, we performed gene expression profiling in acne patients. Skin biopsies were(More)
Sebum production is key in the pathophysiology of acne, an extremely common condition, which when severe, may require treatment with isotretinoin, a known teratogen. Apart from isotretinoin and hormonal therapy, no agents are available to reduce sebum. Increasing our understanding of the regulation of sebum production is a milestone in identifying(More)
Isotretinoin (13-cis RA) is the most potent agent in the treatment of acne. Insights into its mechanism of action can lead to drug discovery of alternative compounds with comparable efficacy but improved safety. The goal of this study is to compare the temporal changes in gene expression in the skin of acne patients after 1 week and 8 weeks of treatment(More)
Although permutation testing has been the gold standard for assessing significance levels in studies using multiple markers, it is time-consuming. A Bonferroni correction to the nominal p-value that uses the underlying pair-wise linkage disequilibrium (LD) structure among the markers to determine the number of effectively independent tests has recently been(More)
OBJECTIVE Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) serve as effective markers for localizing disease susceptibility genes, but current genotyping technologies are inadequate for genotyping all available SNP markers in a typical linkage/association study. Much attention has recently been paid to methods for selecting the minimal informative subset of SNPs in(More)
BACKGROUND Genome scans for hypertension have yielded inconsistent results. The non-replication of significant or suggestive linkage might be due to lack of power of individual studies. Here, we conducted a genome scan meta-analysis for hypertension in an attempt to increase statistical power and to enhance evidence of linkage. METHODS A newly developed(More)
Genetic variants of surfactant protein B (SP-B) have been associated with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in the prematurely born infant. We wished to determine linkage between RDS and SP-B single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) [-18 (A/C), 1013 (A/C), 1580 (C/T), and 9306 (A/G)] or SP-B-linked microsatellite [(D2S388, D2S2232, (AAGG)n, and GATA41E01(More)