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Batch experiments were conducted to evaluate the performance of saponin, a plant-derived biosurfactant, for simultaneously removing phenanthrene and cadmium from the combined contaminated soils. Results showed that phenanthrene was desorbed from the contaminated soils by saponin with the partition of phenanthrene into surfactant micelle, meanwhile cadmium(More)
The sorption of surfactants onto soils has a significant effect on the performance of surfactant enhanced desorption. In this study, the efficiency of surfactants in enhancing desorption for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) contaminated soils relative to water was evaluated with a term of relative efficiency coefficient (REC). Since the sorption of(More)
Both filamentous microalgae Tribonema and unicellular microalgae Nanochloropsis are promising feedstock for biodiesel production. Nitrogen starvation increased lipid content in Nannochloropsis but decreased that in Tribonema. In this study, biochemical responses of Tribonema under different levels of nitrogen (0N, 0.05N, 0.1N and 1N-BG11) were investigated.(More)
The effect of a nonionic surfactant, Triton X-100 (TX100), on the distribution of four representative polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), phenanthrene, fluorene, acenaphthene and naphthalene, in soil-water system was studied on a natural soil. The apparent soil-water distribution coefficient with surfactant (Kd*) for these compounds increased when(More)
The effects of anionic-nonionic mixed surfactants, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) mixed with Triton X-100 (TX100), on the desorption and biodegradation of phenanthrene in soil-water system were investigated in an aim to improve the efficiency of surfactant bioremediation technology. Results indicated that the presence of SDS not only increased the(More)
Surfactant-enhanced remediation (SER) is an effective approach for the removal of sorbed hydrophobic organic compounds from contaminated soils. The solubilization of pyrene by four anionic-nonionic mixed surfactants, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) with Triton X-405 (TX405), Brij35, Brij58, and Triton X-100 (TX100), has been studied from measurements of the(More)
The present study was designed to gain insight into the effects of s-limonene on the brain after 1-wk administration. For this purpose, neurotransmitters such as dopamine (DA), serotonin (5-HT), gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), glutamic acid (Glu) and some of their metabolites (DOPAC and 5-HIAA) were determined by HPLC-ECD and amino acid analyzer after 1-wk(More)
The anti-dementia effects of s-limonene and s-perillyl alcohol were observed using the passive avoidance test (PA) and the open field habituation test (OFH). These lemon essential oils showed strong ability to improve memory impaired by scopolamine; however, s-perillyl alcohol relieved the deficit of associative memory in PA only, and did not improve(More)
The enhanced solubilization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) by saponin, a plant-derived non-ionic biosurfactant, was investigated. The results indicated that the solubilization capabilities of saponin for PAHs were greater than some representative synthetic non-ionic surfactants and showed strong dependence on solution pH and ionic strength. The(More)
N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) is an emerging carcinogenic disinfection by-product in water environment. Biochars utilized as sorbents for the removal of NDMA from aqueous solution, and the sorption characteristics and mechanism were investigate. Biochars were prepared from bamboo, rice straw and wood sawdust at 300-700°C. The pseudo-second-order model(More)