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The effect of noxious or non-noxious mechanical stimulation of various cutaneous areas on cerebral blood flow in hippocampus was examined with laser Doppler flowmetry in urethane-anesthetized artificially-ventilated rats. Noxious mechanical stimulation (pinching) of the skin on the face, forepaw, chest, or hindpaw for 20s increased regional hippocampal(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to develop a self-aggregated nanoparticulate vehicle using an amphiphilic poly(lactic acid)-grafted-chitosan (PLA-g-CS) copolymer and to evaluate its potential for ocular delivery of amphotericin B. METHODS A PLA-g-CS copolymer was synthesized via a "protection-graft-deprotection" procedure and its structure was(More)
The mortality of individuals suffering from depression has been increasing, especially post-menopausal women; therefore, their care and treatment are important to maintain a high quality of life. In the present study, we evaluated the antidepressant-like effects of a major isoflavonoid, genistein (4',5,7-trihydroxyisoflavone), using a behavioral model of(More)
Batch experiments were conducted to evaluate the performance of saponin, a plant-derived biosurfactant, for simultaneously removing phenanthrene and cadmium from the combined contaminated soils. Results showed that phenanthrene was desorbed from the contaminated soils by saponin with the partition of phenanthrene into surfactant micelle, meanwhile cadmium(More)
Both filamentous microalgae Tribonema and unicellular microalgae Nanochloropsis are promising feedstock for biodiesel production. Nitrogen starvation increased lipid content in Nannochloropsis but decreased that in Tribonema. In this study, biochemical responses of Tribonema under different levels of nitrogen (0N, 0.05N, 0.1N and 1N-BG11) were investigated.(More)
The anti-dementia effects of s-limonene and s-perillyl alcohol were observed using the passive avoidance test (PA) and the open field habituation test (OFH). These lemon essential oils showed strong ability to improve memory impaired by scopolamine; however, s-perillyl alcohol relieved the deficit of associative memory in PA only, and did not improve(More)
The effects of anionic-nonionic mixed surfactants, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) mixed with Triton X-100 (TX100), on the desorption and biodegradation of phenanthrene in soil-water system were investigated in an aim to improve the efficiency of surfactant bioremediation technology. Results indicated that the presence of SDS not only increased the(More)
The sorption of surfactants onto soils has a significant effect on the performance of surfactant enhanced desorption. In this study, the efficiency of surfactants in enhancing desorption for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) contaminated soils relative to water was evaluated with a term of relative efficiency coefficient (REC). Since the sorption of(More)
The effect of a nonionic surfactant, Triton X-100 (TX100), on the distribution of four representative polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), phenanthrene, fluorene, acenaphthene and naphthalene, in soil-water system was studied on a natural soil. The apparent soil-water distribution coefficient with surfactant (Kd*) for these compounds increased when(More)
A natural loess soil was modified using a cationic surfactant, hexadecyltrimethylammonium (HDTMA) bromide. Sorption of ionizable organic compounds (IOCs), 2,4-dichlorophenol (DCP), p-nitroaniline (NA) and benzoic acid (BA), on the modified soil was determined under different pH conditions. The objective of this study was to examine the sorptive(More)