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[1] A multi-scale soil moisture and temperature monitoring network, consisting of 55 soil moisture and temperature measurement stations, has been established in central Tibetan Plateau (TP). In this study, the station-averaged surface soil moisture data from the network are used to evaluate four soil moisture products retrieved from the Advanced Microwave(More)
The molecular structure of azaspiracid-1, a neurotoxin isolated from mussels, has been elucidated by total synthesis which also enriched its supplies. The degradatively derived fragments of this marine biotoxin, compounds 5 (EFGHI), 6 (FGHI), and 40 (ABCD), were matched with synthetic materials, thus confirming their structural identities. Based on this(More)
The trajectories, referred to as lifelines, of individual microorganisms in an industrial scale fermentor under substrate limiting conditions were studied using an Euler-Lagrange computational fluid dynamics approach. The metabolic response to substrate concentration variations along these lifelines provides deep insight in the dynamic environment inside a(More)
Hydrogenation of a series of cyclic beta-(acylamino)acrylates with tetrasubstituted olefins has been accomplished successfully with the use of Ru catalysts with chiral biaryl ligands such as C3-TunaPhos, and up to over 99% ee's have been achieved. This methodology provides an efficient catalytic method for the synthesis of both cis and trans chiral cyclic(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Thalassemia is one of the most frequent hereditary hemoglobin (Hb) disorders in southern China. Accurate population frequency data are needed for planning the control of thalassemia in the high-risk Guilin, the southern region of China. METHODS Anemia patients (n=11,143) from the Guilin Region of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of(More)
Solar dimming and wind stilling (slowdown) are two outstanding climate changes occurred in China over the last four decades. The wind stilling may have suppressed the dispersion of aerosols and amplified the impact of aerosol emission on solar dimming. However, there is a lack of long-term aerosol monitoring and associated study in China to confirm this(More)
A series of novel P-chiral monophosphorus ligands exhibit efficiency in asymmetric Suzuki-Miyaura coupling reactions, enabling the construction of an array of chiral biaryl products in high yields and excellent enantioselectivities (up to 96% ee) under mild conditions. The carbonyl-benzooxazolidinone moiety in these chiral biaryl products allows facile(More)