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Metal-based negative refractive-index materials have been extensively studied in the microwave region. However, negative-index metamaterials have not been realized at near-IR or visible frequencies due to difficulties of fabrication and to the generally poor optical properties of metals at these wavelengths. In this Letter, we report the first fabrication(More)
Numerical simulations of a near-infrared negative-index metamaterial (NIM) slab consisting of multiple layers of perforated metal-dielectric stacks exhibiting a small imaginary part of the index over the wavelength range for negative refraction are presented. A consistent effective index is obtained using both scattering matrix and modal analysis(More)
We numerically demonstrate a metamaterial with both negative epsilon and negative mu over an overlapping near-infrared wavelength range resulting in a low loss negative-index material. Parametric studies optimizing this negative index are presented. This structure can be easily fabricated with standard semiconductor processing techniques.
In the domain of computer security, how to enhance the speed of RSA algorithm has been the research hot spot. With the recent tremendous increase in Graphics Processing Unit's computing capability as a co-processor of the CPU, Nvidia’s Compute Unified Device Architecture (CUDA) can greatly benefit single instruction multiple thread styled,(More)
We experimentally demonstrate a comparatively low-loss negative-index metamaterial with the magnitude of the real part of the index comparable with the imaginary part. Over 40% transmission is achieved in the negative-index region by structural adjustment of the impedance matching between the metamaterial and the air–substrate claddings. This structure has(More)
Second harmonic generation (SHG) from a nanopatterned isotropic nonlinear material (GaAs) located inside the subwavelength gaps of a metallic coaxial array is demonstrated. The SHG results from the strong electromagnetic fields in the vicinity of the coaxial gaps; the signal strength is comparable to that from z-cut LiNbO 3 even though the path length is(More)
Using a single interferometric lithography patterning step along with self-aligned pattern-definition techniques, uniform, large-area metallic coaxial arrays with ~ 100-nm toroidal gaps are fabricated. Enhanced (5x) mid-infrared (4 mum) transmission through these sub-wavelength coaxial arrays is observed as compared with that through the same fractional(More)
By extending GaAs dielectric posts with a large second-order nonlinear susceptibility through the holes of a subwavelength metallic hole array coupled to the metal surface-plasma wave, strong second harmonic (SH) signal is observed. The SH signal is strengthened as a result of the enhanced electromagnetic fields inside the hole apertures.