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This paper investigated how sodium alginate (SA)-modified nanoscale zero-valent iron (NZVI), play a constructive role in the remediation of cadmium (Cd) contaminated river sediments. The changes of the fraction of Cd, enzyme activities (urease, catalase, dehydrogenase) and bacterial community structures with the treatment by SNZVI were observed. The(More)
The Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University is developing an integrated transportation monitoring system that will be capable of monitoring pavement and traffic simultaneously. As part of the system, a backcalculation method, which is presented in this paper, is used to estimate the speed, weight, and configuration of passing vehicles based on(More)
In the past half-century, the monitoring systems for traffic or infrastructure have been developed a lot. Because of the interdependency between traffic and infrastructure, significant advantages can be expected if the monitoring system for traffic can be integrated with that for infrastructure. In October 2011, a wireless sensing network (WSN) was(More)
Magnetic chlorapatite nanoparticles (MNCLAP) was synthesized and used as adsorbent to remove Zn2+, Cd2+ and Pb2+ from aqueous solutions. The synthesized MNCLAP was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive analysis system of X-ray (EDAX), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and magnetization(More)
There is a continuously increasing worldwide concern for the development of wastewater and contaminated soil treatment technologies. Fenton processes and biological treatments have long been used as common technologies for treating wastewater and polluted soil but they still need to be modified because of some defects (high costs of Fenton process and long(More)
The Virginia Center for Innovation and Transportation Research and Virginia Tech installed a structural health monitoring (SHM) system on a Virginia bridge. Using data from this SHM system as input, a procedure was developed to provide information on the lane occupancy, speed, classification and gross vehicle weight of heavy trucks. The resulting(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the clinical features of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) and its risk factors for the related HLA-haploidentical non T cell-depleted in vitro peripheral hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (RHNT-PBSCT). METHODS From July 2002 to December 2012, 104 patients who underwent the RHNT-PBSCT were enrolled to analyze the incidences,(More)
MaiLuoNing injection is a traditional Chinese medicine that used clinically since the 1950s in China. However, anaphylactic reactions, through the potentiation of mast cell degranulation, have been reported. In the present study, a rat basophilic leukemia-2H3 cell membrane chromatography coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography and electrospray(More)
Lead (Pb) is one of the most toxic heavy metals that pose a direct threat to organisms and it can not been degraded through microbial activities or chemical reaction. Bioavaibility and eco-toxicity of Pb which mostly depend on Pb chemical speciation play an important role in the remediation of Pb-contaminated soils. Phosphate (P) amendments which could(More)
A composting study was performed to investigate the degradation of 4-nonylphenol (4-NP) in river sediment by inoculating Phanerochaete chrysosporium (Pc). Pc was inoculated into composting Reactor A, C and D, while Reactor B without inocula was used as control. The results showed that composting with Pc accelerated the degradation of 4-NP, increased the(More)
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