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Methamphetamine (METH) is a psychostimulant that induces neural damage in experimental animals and humans. A binge (usually in the 5-10 mg/kg dose range 4 x at 2 h intervals) and the acute bolus drug administration (20-40 mg/kg) of METH have been employed frequently to study neurotoxicity in the brain. In this study we have compared these drug delivery(More)
Methamphetamine (METH) causes damage in the striatum at pre- and post-synaptic sites. Exposure to METH induces long-term depletions of dopamine (DA) terminal markers such as tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and DA transporters (DAT). METH also induces neuronal apoptosis in some striatal neurons. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate which occurs first,(More)
Methamphetamine (METH) is an addictive psychostimulant that induces damage to the dopamine terminals and the apoptosis of some neurons of the striatum. Our laboratory demonstrated using either a single bolus dose (30 mg/kg) or a binge (10 mg/kg 4x at 2-h intervals) of METH that pharmacological blockade of the substance P receptor (neurokinin-1) attenuates(More)
Cell-based therapy has achieved promising functional recovery for peripheral nerve repair. Although Schwann cells (SCs) and bone marrow derived mesenchymal stromal cells (BM-MSCs) are the main cell source for nerve tissue engineering, the clinical application is limited because of donor site morbidity, the invasive procedure, and the decreased number of SCs(More)
Pathogenic fungus Penicillium oxalicum sp. 68 was screened from soil and identified by ITS sequencing. The strain was found to be able to transform protopanaxadiol-type ginsenosides to produce a series of bioactive metabolites. Glycosidase from the culture of P. oxalicum sp. 68 was partially purified with a simple two-step procedure consisting of(More)
Methamphetamine (METH) is a psychostimulant that induces excessive release of dopamine (DA) in the striatum. In this study we have assessed the role of DA D1 and D2 receptors (D1R and D2R) on striatal METH-induced apoptosis and depletion of DA-terminal markers. Male mice were given one i.p. injection of METH (30 mg/kg). Apoptosis was assessed at 24 h, and(More)
In a previous study we showed that pharmacological blockade of the neurokinin-1 receptors attenuated the methamphetamine (METH)-induced toxicity of the striatal dopamine terminals. In the present study we examined the role of the neurokinin-1 receptors on the METH-induced apoptosis of some striatal neurons. To that end, we administered a single injection of(More)
Methamphetamine (METH) is a widely used "club drug" that produces neural damage in the brain, including the loss of some neurons. METH-induced striatal neuronal loss has been attenuated by pretreatment with the neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist WIN-51,708 in mice. Using a histologic method, we have observed the internalization of the neurokinin-1 receptor(More)
Cartilage extracellular matrix (ECM) is composed primarily of the network type II collagen (COLII) and an interlocking mesh of fibrous proteins and proteoglycans (PGs), hyaluronic acid (HA), and chondroitin sulfate (CS). Articular cartilage ECM plays a crucial role in regulating chondrocyte metabolism and functions, such as organized cytoskeleton through(More)
Chemical-extracted acellular nerve allografting, containing the natural nerve structure and elementary nerve extracellular matrix (ECM), has been used for peripheral nerve-defect treatment experimentally and clinically. However, functional outcome with acellular nerve allografting decreases with increased size of gap in nerve defects. Cell-based therapy is(More)