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Partially Molten Middle Crust Beneath Southern Tibet: Synthesis of Project INDEPTH Results
The results suggest that during Neogene time the underthrusting Indian crust has acted as a plunger, displacing the molten middle crust to the north while at the same time contributing to this layer by melting and ductile flow. Expand
Crustal structure of the Himalayan orogen at ∼90° east longitude from Project INDEPTH deep reflection profiles
International Deep Profiling of Tibet and the Himalaya (INDEPTH) deep seismic reflection profiles show that the Indian lithosphere is underthrusting the central Himalaya along a gently north dippingExpand
Deep seismic reflection evidence for continental underthrusting beneath southern Tibet
THE Himalaya and adjacent Tibetan plateau, constituting Earth's largest region of elevated topography and anomalously thick crust, formed as a consequence of Cenozoic collision between India andExpand
Evidence from Earthquake Data for a Partially Molten Crustal Layer in Southern Tibet
Data collected by the INDEPTH-II Passive-Source Experiment show that there is a substantial south to north variation in the velocity structure of the crust beneath southern Tibet, which implies that a partially molten layer is in the middle crust beneath the northern Yadong-Gulu rift and possibly much of southern Tibet. Expand
Bright Spots, Structure, and Magmatism in Southern Tibet from INDEPTH Seismic Reflection Profiling
INDEPTH seismic reflection profiling shows that the decollement beneath which Indian lithosphere underthrusts the Himalaya extends at least 225 kilometers north of the Himalayan deformation front toExpand
Seismic polarization anisotropy beneath the central Tibetan Plateau
SKS and SKKS shear waves recorded on the INDEPTH III seismic array deployed in central Tibet during 1998–1999 have been analyzed for the direction and extent of seismic polarization anisotropy. TheExpand
Crustal structure of central Tibet as derived from project INDEPTH wide-angle seismic data
Summary In the summer of 1998, project INDEPTH recorded a 400 km long NNW–SSE wide-angle seismic profile in central Tibet, from the Lhasa terrane across the Banggong-Nujiang suture (BNS) at aboutExpand
Injection of Tibetan crust beneath the south Qaidam Basin: Evidence from INDEPTH IV wide‐angle seismic data
[1] The International Deep Profiling of Tibet and the Himalaya Phase IV (INDEPTH IV) active source seismic profile in northeast Tibet extends 270 km roughly north-south across the Songpan-GanziExpand
Seismic anisotropy beneath the southern Himalayas‐Tibet collision zone
Shear wave phases ScS, SKS, and SKKS, collected from the Project International Deep Seismic Sounding of Tibet and Himalayas II (INDEPTH-II) array in the eastern Himalayas and Tibet are analyzed forExpand
Precise temperature estimation in the Tibetan crust from seismic detection of the α-β quartz transition
In the deep crust, temperature, which is among the key pa- rameters controlling lithospheric dynamics, is inferred by extrap- olation from the surface using several assumptions that may fail inExpand