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Metrics that aggregate the state of neighboring nodes are frequently used in wireless sensor networks. In this paper, we present two primitives that exploit simultaneous communications in 802.15.4 radios to enable a polling node to calculate with low power the number (or set) of its neighbors where some state predicate of interest holds. In both primitives,(More)
Medicines have made an appreciable contribution to improving health. However, even high-income countries are struggling to fund new premium-priced medicines. This will grow necessitating the development of new models to optimize their use. The objective is to review case histories among health authorities to improve the utilization and expenditure on new(More)
Fig. 1. Traditional network model and fabric model Abstract—This chapter describes an architecture for slicing, virtualizing, and federating wireless sensor network (WSN) resources. The architecture, which we call KanseiGenie, allows users—be they sensing/networking researchers or application developers—to specify and acquire node and network resources as(More)
BACKGROUND Pharmaceutical expenditure has grown by 16% per annum in China, enhanced by incentives for physicians and hospitals. Hospital pharmacies dispense 80% of medicines in China, accounting for 46% of total hospital expenditure. Principal measures to moderate drug expenditure growth include pricing initiatives as limited demand-side measures. (More)
BACKGROUND Pharmaceutical expenditure is currently rising by 16% per annum in China, greater in recent years. Initiatives to moderate growth include drug pricing regulations, essential medicine lists and encouraging generic prescribing. These are principally concentrated in hospitals, which currently account for over 80% of total pharmaceutical expenditure.(More)
This paper deals with challenges in federating wireless sensing fabrics. Federations of this sort are currently being developed in next generation global end-to-end experimentation infrastructures, such as GENI, to support rapid prototyping and hi-fidelity validation of protocols and applications. On one hand, federation should support access to diverse(More)
As a first step towards predictable, repeatable WSN experimentation, we propose the resource specification language LENS (a.k.a. Language for Embedded Networked Sensing) for WSN experimentation infrastructures. Using the Resource Description Framework (RDF) and the Web Ontology Language (OWL), LENS defines a semantic ontology for WSN resources; LENS enables(More)
BACKGROUND Developed countries use generic competition to contain pharmaceutical expenditure. China, as a developing and transitional country, has not yet deemed an increase in the use of generic products as important; otherwise, much effort has been made to decrease the drug prices. This paper aims to explore dynamically the price and use comparison of(More)
—The energy efficiency of the widely used converge-cast pattern depends substantially on the choice of medium access control (MAC) and routing protocol. In this paper, we formalize the maximization of convergecast energy efficiency with respect to its MAC and routing as a resource constrained optimization problem. We then analytically show that this(More)