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Schistosoma mansoni is responsible for the neglected tropical disease schistosomiasis that affects 210 million people in 76 countries. Here we present analysis of the 363 megabase nuclear genome of the blood fluke. It encodes at least 11,809 genes, with an unusual intron size distribution, and new families of micro-exon genes that undergo frequent(More)
Thyroid hormone receptors (TRs) function as molecular switches in response to thyroid hormone to regulate gene transcription. TRs were previously believed to be present only in chordates. We isolated two TR genes from the Schistosoma mansoni and identified TR orthologues from other invertebrates: the platyhelminths, S. japonium and Schmidtea mediterranea,(More)
The impairment in diabetic wound healing represents a significant clinical problem. Chronic inflammation is thought to play a central role in the pathogenesis of this impairment. We have previously shown that treatment of diabetic murine wounds with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can improve healing, but the mechanisms are not completely defined.(More)
In most bilaterian organisms so far studied, Hox genes are organized in genomic clusters and determine development along the anteroposterior axis. It has been suggested that this clustering, together with spatial and temporal colinearity of gene expression, represents the ancestral condition. However, in organisms with derived modes of embryogenesis and(More)
Nuclear receptors (NRs) are important transcriptional modulators in metazoans which regulate transcription through binding to the promoter region of their target gene by the DNA binding domain (DBD) and activation or repression of mRNA synthesis through co-regulators bound to the ligand binding domain (LBD). NRs typically have a single DBD with a LBD. Three(More)
A cDNA encoding a nuclear receptor subfamily I member in the platyhelminth Schistosoma mansoni (SmNR1) was identified and characterized. SmNR1 cDNA is 2406 bp long and contains an open reading frame encoding a 715 residue protein. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrates that SmNR1 is a divergent member of nuclear receptor subfamily I with no known orthologue.(More)
Nuclear receptors (NRs) are important transcriptional modulators in metazoans. Sixteen new NRs were identified in the Platyhelminth trematode, Schistosoma mansoni. Three were found to possess novel tandem DNA-binding domains that identify a new subfamily of NR. Two NRs are homologues of the thyroid hormone receptor that previously were thought to be(More)
Full length cDNA clones encoding a Schistosoma mansoni homologue of vertebrate CAR/PXR/VDR group nuclear receptor, termed SmCAR were isolated from screening a S. mansoni adult worm cDNA library. SmCAR is a 702 amino acid protein which retains a typical domain organization of nuclear receptor superfamily members. A homology search demonstrated that SmCAR(More)
We have previously demonstrated that the small molecule octadecenyl thiophosphate (OTP), a synthetic mimic of the growth factor-like mediator lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), showed radioprotective activity in a mouse model of total-body irradiation (TBI) when given orally or intraperitoneally 30 min before exposure to 9 Gy γ radiation. In the current study, we(More)
Recurrent injury has been implicated in the development of chronic diabetic wounds. We have developed a chronic diabetic wound model based upon recurrent injury in diabetic mice. We hypothesized that dysregulation of collagen production at both the mRNA and microRNA levels contributes to the development of chronic diabetic wounds. To test this, both(More)