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Methamphetamine (METH), a commonly abused psychostimulant, has been shown to induce neuronal damage by causing reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation, apoptosis and autophagy. Taurine (2-aminoethanesulfonic acid) is involved in several physiological actions in the brain, including neuroprotection, osmoregulation and neurotransmission. In this study, we(More)
The mechanism of tamoxifen action in the treatment of breast cancer is believed to be via active metabolites that act as potent estrogen receptor antagonists. Attempts to identify relationships between active metabolite concentrations and clinical outcomes have produced mixed results. Since anti-estrogenic effects may be brought about not only by estrogen(More)
BACKGROUND We systematically reviewed and performed a meta-analysis of the available data regarding neoadjuvant chemo- and/or radiotherapy with special emphasis on tumor response/progression rates, toxicities, and clinical benefit, i.e. resection probabilities and survival estimates. METHODS AND FINDINGS Trials were identified by searching PUBMED,(More)
Aberrant expression of DJ-1 has been proven to be associated with tumorigenesis in many carcinomas. However, its role in pancreatic cancer is unknown. The aims of this study were to investigate whether the serum DJ-1 might be a potential biomarker for pancreatic cancer and to determine the biologic function of DJ-1 expression in gemcitabine-induced(More)
Rectal cancer is one of the most prevalent tumor types. Understanding the metabolic profile of rectal cancer is important for developing therapeutic approaches and molecular diagnosis. Here, we report a metabonomics profiling of tissue samples on a large cohort of human rectal cancer subjects (n = 127) and normal controls (n = 43) using 1H nuclear magnetic(More)
The peripheral conversion of testosterone to estradiol by aromatase is the primary source of endogenous estrogen in postmenopausal women. Studies indicating that placental aromatase is able to metabolize methadone to its primary metabolite, 2-ethylidene-1, 5-dimethyl-3, 3-diphenylpyrrolidin (EDDP), led us to test the hypothesis that methadone is able to act(More)
To improve the treatment of breast cancer, there has been a need for alternative aromatase inhibitors (AIs) that bring about adequate aromatase inhibition, while limiting side effects. Since two tamoxifen metabolites have been documented as AIs, we tested a wide range of tamoxifen metabolites on aromatase in order to better understand structural(More)
The stubborn chemoresistance of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) is simultaneously influenced by tumor parenchymal and stromal factors, and the ctritical role of Notch ligand Delta-like 4 (DLL4) in the regulation of tumor malignancies has been observed. DLL4 positive expression ratio between duct cells from clinical tumor and adjacent tissues was(More)
Interactions between naringenin and the cytochrome P450 (CYP) system have been of interest since the first demonstration that grapefruit juice reduced CYP3A activity. The effects of naringenin on other CYP isoforms have been less investigated. In addition, it is well known that interactions with enzymes are often stereospecific, but due to the lack of(More)
The biomarker identification of human esophageal cancer is critical for its early diagnosis and therapeutic approaches that will significantly improve patient survival. Specially, those that involves in progression of disease would be helpful to mechanism research. In the present study, we investigated the distinguishing metabolites in human esophageal(More)