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Grass weed populations resistant to aryloxyphenoxypropionate (APP) and cyclohexanedione herbicides that inhibit acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACCase; EC represent a major problem for sustainable agriculture. We investigated the molecular basis of resistance to ACCase-inhibiting herbicides for nine wild oat (Avena sterilis ssp. ludoviciana Durieu)(More)
High energy consumption has become a critical problem for supercomputer systems. GPU clusters are becoming an increasingly popular architecture for building supercomputers because of its great improvement in performance. In this paper, we first formulate the tasks mapping problem as a mini-mal energy consumption problem with deadline constraint. Its(More)
BACKGROUND Malaria is a major public health burden in the tropics with the potential to significantly increase in response to climate change. Analyses of data from the recent past can elucidate how short-term variations in weather factors affect malaria transmission. This study explored the impact of climate variability on the transmission of malaria in the(More)
Over the past thirty years, Xishuangbanna in Southwestern China has seen dramatic changes in land use where large areas of tropical forest and fallow land have been converted to rubber and tea plantations. In this study we evaluated the effects of land use and slope on soil properties in seven common disturbed and undisturbed land-types. Results indicated(More)
Global surface temperature is predicted to increase by at least 1.5°C by the end of this century. However, the response of soil microbial communities to global warming is still poorly understood, especially in high-elevation grasslands. We therefore conducted an experiment on three types of alpine grasslands on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau to study the effect(More)
Oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction and neuronal apoptosis are thought to be major contributors of Isoflurane toxicity. However, the underlying mechanisms remain largely to be determined. DJ-1, a protein that is involved in the response to various kinds of stress, has shown its neuroprotective effects. Whether DJ-1 has a neuroprotective effect(More)
The interactions of hemoglobin (Hb) with sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and dodecyl trimethylammonium bromide (DTAB) are investigated by several methods. We observed the formation of hemichrome below the critical micelle concentration (cmc) of surfactant and the release of heme from Hb above the cmc. When pH value of Hb/surfactant system is lower than(More)
Previous studies propose that the Yangtze River is the geographic boundary separating northern and southern Chinese populations. In order to test this hypothesis, 19 Neolithic and 15 Modern human cranial samples from north of the Qinling Mountain Range, south of the Yangtze River and in between were chosen for morphometric analysis. Our results indicate(More)
In the Chinese province of Sichuan steep mountains rise from the very densely populated and intensely cultivated Chengdu basin more than 4000 elevational meters to the Tibetan Plateau. This steep physical gradient is exceptionally well suited to investigate the transport of persistent pesticides and other organic contaminants from low to high elevations. In(More)