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Malaria is a major public health burden in the tropics with the potential to significantly increase in response to climate change. Analyses of data from the recent past can elucidate how short-term variations in weather factors affect malaria transmission. This study explored the impact of climate variability on the transmission of malaria in the tropical(More)
Grass weed populations resistant to aryloxyphenoxypropionate (APP) and cyclohexanedione herbicides that inhibit acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACCase; EC 6.4.1.2) represent a major problem for sustainable agriculture. We investigated the molecular basis of resistance to ACCase-inhibiting herbicides for nine wild oat (Avena sterilis ssp. ludoviciana Durieu)(More)
Xishuangbanna, situated in the northern margin of the tropical zone in Southeast Asia, maintains large areas of tropical rain forest and contains rich biodiversity. However, tropical rain forests are being rapidly destroyed in this region. This paper analyzed spatial and temporal changes of forest cover and the patterns of forests fragmentation in(More)
High energy consumption has become a critical problem for supercomputer systems. GPU clusters are becoming an increasingly popular architecture for building supercomputers because of its great improvement in performance. In this paper, we first formulate the tasks mapping problem as a mini-mal energy consumption problem with deadline constraint. Its(More)
In the Chinese province of Sichuan steep mountains rise from the very densely populated and intensely cultivated Chengdu basin more than 4000 elevational meters to the Tibetan Plateau. This steep physical gradient is exceptionally well suited to investigate the transport of persistent pesticides and other organic contaminants from low to high elevations. In(More)
The distribution of organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls in air along an altitudinal transect on Balang Mountain in western China was measured by deploying XAD-2 resin based passive air samplers in duplicate at seven sites with elevations ranging from 1242 to 4485 m above sea level for five consecutive six-month periods between 2005 and(More)
The male's ability to reproduce is completely dependent on Sertoli cells. However, the mechanisms governing the functional integrity of Sertoli cells have remained largely unexplored. Here, we demonstrate that deletion of Shp2 in Sertoli cells results in infertility in mice. In Shp2 knockout mice (SCSKO), a normal population of Sertoli cells was observed,(More)
BACKGROUND Hydroxymethylation of DNA at the C5 position of cytosine (5hmC) is recognized as an important epigenetic mark. The molecular role of 5hmC in gene regulation, however, is not well understood. METHODS We studied the effects of 5-hydroxymethylation (5hmC) on nucleosome properties in vitro using a combination of biochemical and fluorescence assays.(More)
We have previously reported that rhomboid domain containing 1 (RHBDD1), a new member of the Rhomboid family, is highly expressed in testis. In the present work, luciferase analyses showed that RHBDD1 enhanced the AP-1 activity in a dose- and activity-dependent manner. RHBDD1 overexpression increased c-Jun activity, and the activity was visibly inhibited(More)
The Drosophila RhoGEF Pebble (Pbl) is required for cytokinesis and migration of mesodermal cells. In a screen for genes that could suppress migration defects in pbl mutants we identified the phosphatidylinositol phosphate (PtdInsP) regulator pi5k59B. Genetic interaction tests with other PtdInsP regulators suggested that PtdIns(4,5)P2 levels are important(More)