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Although there are numerous studies regarding Alzheimer's disease (AD), the cause and progression of AD are still not well understood. The researches in the past decade implicated amyloid-beta (Aβ) overproduction as a causative event in disease pathogenesis, but still failed to clarify the mechanism of pathology from Aβ production to central neural system(More)
The participation of neuroinflammation in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD) has long been validated. Excessive activated microglia release a large number of pro-inflammatory factors, damage surrounding neurons and eventually induce neurodegeneration. Inhibition of microglial over-activation might be a promising strategy for PD treatment. FLZ(More)
Furanodiene, a natural product isolated from Curcuma wenyujin, has been reported to produce cytotoxic effect. In this study, we investigated its effects on human leukemia HL60 cells. Furanodiene induced apoptosis of HL60 cells, characterized by DNA fragmentation, cleavage of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), caspase-3, caspase-8 and caspase-9. In the(More)
Amyloid precursor protein (APP) metabolism is a key factor in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Amyloid-beta (Aβ) in mitochondria comes from APP mitochondrial metabolism or from the uptake Aβ from outside of mitochondria. It has been recently proposed that mitochondria are involved in the biochemical pathways through which Aβ causes neuronal(More)
2(+/-)-7,8,3',4',5'-pentamethoxyflavan (PMF), a synthetic flavan racemate, showed growth inhibitory effect on various kinds of tumor cells. The present study is to investigate the molecular mechanisms of action of PMF in human leukemia HL60 cells. Anti-proliferative effect of PMF on HL60 cells was associated with G2/M cell cycle arrest, which was mediated(More)
1-(3',4',5'-Trimethoxyphenyl)-3-(3'',4''-dimethoxy-2''-hydroxyphenyl)-propane (DP), a novel synthesized 1,3-diarylpropanes compound, showed growth inhibitory effect on human hepatoma HepG2 cells in a concentration-dependent manner. The growth inhibitory effect of DP on HepG2 cells was associated with microtubule depolymerization, G2/M phase arrest and(More)
Although the adult mammalian spinal cord lacks intrinsic neurogenic capacity, glial cells can be reprogrammed in vivo to generate neurons after spinal cord injury (SCI). How this reprogramming process is molecularly regulated, however, is not clear. Through a series of in vivo screens, we show here that the p53-dependent pathway constitutes a critical(More)
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