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In this paper, we consider the asymptotic behaviour of regression estimators that minimize the residual sum of squares plus a penalty proportional to P j j j for some > 0. These estimators include the Lasso (Tibshirani, 1996) as a special case when = 1. Under appropriate conditions, we show that the limiting distributions can have positive probability mass(More)
We examined the brains of 50 Malawian children who satisfied the clinical definition of cerebral malaria (CM) during life; 37 children had sequestration of infected red blood cells (iRBCs) and no other cause of death, and 13 had a nonmalarial cause of death with no cerebral sequestration. For comparison, 18 patients with coma and no parasitemia were(More)
MOTIVATION Estimation of misclassification error has received increasing attention in clinical diagnosis and bioinformatics studies, especially in small sample studies with microarray data. Current error estimation methods are not satisfactory because they either have large variability (such as leave-one-out cross-validation) or large bias (such as(More)
Electrical and optical recordings were made from slice preparations including the piriform and gustatory cortices. Electrical stimulation of the gustatory cortex evoked a characteristic field potential in the endopiriform nucleus. A field potential was induced in the endopiriform nucleus by stimulation of the piriform cortex. Voltage-sensitive dye studies(More)
Real-time RT-PCR has been frequently used in quantitative research in molecular biology and bioinformatics. It provides remarkably useful technology to assess expression of genes. Although mathematical models for gene amplification process have been studied, statistical models and methods for data analysis in real-time RT-PCR have received little attention.(More)
BACKGROUND Gene expression in archived newborn blood spots remaining from newborn screening may reflect pathophysiological disturbances useful in understanding the etiology of cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS We quantified the expression of gene sets representing four physiological pathways hypothesized to contribute to CP in archived unfrozen residual(More)
MOTIVATION The standard paradigm for a classifier design is to obtain a sample of feature-label pairs and then to apply a classification rule to derive a classifier from the sample data. Typically in laboratory situations the sample size is limited by cost, time or availability of sample material. Thus, an investigator may wish to consider a sequential(More)
BACKGROUND The genetic etiology of complex diseases in human has been commonly viewed as a complex process involving both genetic and environmental factors functioning in a complicated manner. Quite often the interactions among genetic variants play major roles in determining the susceptibility of an individual to a particular disease. Statistical methods(More)
Affymetrix SNP arrays have been widely used for single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotype calling and DNA copy number variation inference. Although numerous methods have achieved high accuracy in these fields, most studies have paid little attention to the modeling of hybridization of probes to off-target allele sequences, which can affect the accuracy(More)
Detecting the patterns of DNA sequence variants across the human genome is a crucial step for unraveling the genetic basis of complex human diseases. The human HapMap constructed by single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) provides efficient sequence variation information that can speed up the discovery of genes related to common diseases. In this article, we(More)