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A novel tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family member has been cloned and characterized. This protein, designated TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), consists of 281 and 291 aa in the human and murine forms, respectively, which share 65% aa identity. TRAIL is a type II membrane protein, whose C-terminal extracellular domain shows clear homology to(More)
4-1BB was originally described as a cDNA expressed by activated murine T cells and subsequently demonstrated to encode a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor family of integral membrane proteins. Recently, we identified and cloned a murine ligand for 4-1BB (mu4-1BB-L) and demonstrated it to be a member of an emerging family of ligands with(More)
IL-4, a pleiotropic cytokine produced by T lymphocytes, plays an important role in immune responsiveness by regulating proliferation and differentiation of a variety of lymphoid and myeloid cells via binding to high affinity receptors. In this report we describe the isolation and functional expression of a human IL-4-R cDNA. When transfected into COS-7(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and lymphotoxin-alpha (LT-alpha) are members of a family of secreted and cell surface cytokines that participate in the regulation of immune and inflammatory responses. The cell surface form of LT-alpha is assembled during biosynthesis as a heteromeric complex with lymphotoxin-beta (LT-beta), a type II transmembrane protein that(More)
Using the monoclonal antibody C1.7, which recognizes a signaling, membrane-bound molecule on human NK and a proportion of CD8(+) T cells, we cloned a novel molecule we refer to as NK cell activation-inducing ligand (NAIL). It is a 365-amino acid protein that belongs to the immunoglobulin-like superfamily with closest homology to murine 2B4, and human CD84(More)
A transcriptionally active open reading frame (T2) from Shope Fibroma Virus was recently shown to have striking sequence homology with members of a new superfamily of cell surface proteins, including a receptor for human tumor necrosis factor. Here we report that recombinant T2 protein expressed in COS cells is a soluble, secreted glycoprotein which(More)
An isolated rat hepatocyte preparation was used to study the cellular toxicity of cadmium and the protective effects of metallothionein on cadmium-induced toxicity. Exposure of primary suspension cultures of isolated rat hepatocytes to Cd2+ (0-35.7 microM) for 15 min resulted in a dose-dependent reduction in the synthesis of cellular proteins during a(More)
4-1BB is an inducible T cell antigen that shows sequence homology to members of an emerging family of cytokine receptors, including those for tumor necrosis factor and nerve growth factor. To aid in the analysis of the function of 4-1BB we have utilized a soluble form of the molecule as a probe to identify and clone the gene which encodes its ligand. The(More)
The lymphotoxin beta receptor (LT beta R) was originally described as a transcribed sequence encoded on human chromosome 12p, with homology to the TNF receptor family. Subsequently, a recombinant LT beta R was shown to bind LT alpha LT beta heteromeric complexes. In this study, we have shown that LT beta R is expressed in a variety of tissues and cell lines(More)
In order to investigate the fundamental role of metallothionein in the cellular response to cadmium exposure, a model system based on the primary suspension culture of isolated rat hepatocytes was developed. Inhibition of intracellular protein synthesis was utilized as an index of the effect of cadmium on intracellular metabolism. Comparative studies(More)