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Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a non-receptor protein tyrosine kinase implicated in cell cycle progression and cell migration. Overexpression of FAK in a variety of tumors has suggested that FAK is a promising target for therapeutic intervention. In this study, we took advantage of a modified polyethylenimine (M-PEI) with high transfection efficiency for(More)
Attenuated Salmonella typhimurium (S. typhimurium) strains can selectively grow and express exogenous genes in tumors for targeted therapy. We engineered S. typhimurium strain VNP20009 to secrete tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) under the control of a hypoxia-induced nirB promoter and examined the efficacy of(More)
BACKGROUND Recent evidences have suggested that stem cell can differentiate into cardiomyocyte and smooth muscle cell (SMC) in vivo or in vitro. But the mechanism on how stem cell differentiates is still unknown. We investigated whether intercellular interaction or soluble chemical factors would induce mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to acquire the(More)
Mechanisms by which autophagy promotes cell survival or death are unclear. We provide evidence that C(18)-pyridinium ceramide treatment or endogenous C(18)-ceramide generation by ceramide synthase 1 (CerS1) expression mediates autophagic cell death, independent of apoptosis in human cancer cells. C(18)-ceramide-induced lethal autophagy was regulated via(More)
Sphingolipid molecules act as bioactive lipid messengers and exert their actions on the regulation of various cellular signaling pathways. Sphingolipids play essential roles in numerous cellular functions, including controlling cell inflammation, proliferation, death, migration, senescence, tumor metastasis and/or autophagy. Dysregulated sphingolipid(More)
A waxy cuticle that serves as a protective barrier against non-stomatal water loss and environmental damage coats the aerial surfaces of land plants. It comprises a cutin polymer matrix and waxes. Cuticular waxes are complex mixtures of very long chain fatty acids (VLCFAs) and their derivatives. Results show that primary alcohols are the major components of(More)
This study examined peripheral catecholamine-O-methyl-transferase (COMT) gene expression in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients and healthy controls. Participants included 35 first episode OCD patients and 31 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. Relative COMT gene expression levels were examined by real-time quantitative reverse transcription(More)
Solid tumors often contain hypoxic and necrotic areas that can be targeted by attenuated Salmonella typhimurium VNP20009 (VNP). We sought to develop a hypoxia- inducible promoter system based on the tumor-specific delivered strain VNP to confine expression of therapeutic gene specifically or selectively within the tumor microenvironment. A hypoxia-inducible(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are potential sources of cells for tissue repair. However, little information is available about the time course of homing and differentiation of systemically delivered MSCs after acute myocardial ischemia (MI). In the present study, MSCs were isolated from male rat bone marrow and expanded in vitro. Female rats were divided(More)
Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is characterized by abnormalities in cardiac repolarization that lead to prolongation of the electrocardiographic (ECG) QT interval. Mutations in the human ether-a-go-go-related gene (HERG, KCNH2) cause the chromosome 7-linked LQT2 form of congenital LQTS, which is characterized by a prolonged QT interval and a bifid T-wave with an(More)