Learn More
BACKGROUND Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is characterized by deposition of fibrillar amyloid β (Aβ) within cerebral vessels. It is commonly seen in the elderly and almost universally present in patients with Alzheimer's Disease (AD). In both patient populations, CAA is an independent risk factor for lobar hemorrhage, ischemic stroke, and dementia. To(More)
The sigma-2 receptor, whose gene remains to be cloned, has been validated as a biomarker for tumour cell proliferation. Here we report the use of a novel photoaffinity probe, WC-21, to identify the sigma-2 receptor-binding site. WC-21, a sigma-2 ligand containing both a photoactive azide moiety and a fluorescein isothiocyanate group, irreversibly labels(More)
4-(Dimethylamino)-N-(4-(4-(2-methoxyphenyl)piperazin-1-yl)butyl)benzamide (WC-10), a N-phenyl piperazine analog, has been shown to have high affinity and selectivity for dopamine D(3) receptors versus dopamine D(2) receptors (Chu et al. [2005] Bioorg Med Chem 13:77-87). In this study, WC-10 was radiolabeled with tritium (specific activity = 80 Ci/mmol) and(More)
A panel of novel D2 and D3 dopamine receptor selective antagonists, partial agonists and full agonists have been evaluated for the ability to attenuate L-dopa-associated abnormal involuntary movements (AIMs) in 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) unilaterally lesioned male Sprague Dawley rats, which is an animal model of L-dopa-induced dyskinesia (LID). LID is often(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPAR-α) is a ligand-activated nuclear receptor transcription factor that regulates the fatty acid β-oxidation. An in vitro assay identified the p-methoxy phenyl ureido thiobutyric acid derivative KSM-01 (IC(50)=0.28±0.09nM) having a higher affinity to activate PPAR-α than the PPAR-α agonist GW7647(More)
A key step in the onset of Huntington's disease is the caspase-6 mediated cleavage of the protein huntingtin into toxic fragments. Therefore, the inhibition of caspase-6 has been identified as a target for therapeutic drug development for the treatment of this disease. In this study, a series of isatin sulfonamide Michael acceptors having a high nanomolar(More)
A series of N-(2-methoxyphenyl)piperazine and N-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)piperazine analogs were prepared and their affinities for dopamine D(2), D(3), and D(4) receptors were measured in vitro. Binding studies were also conducted to determine if the compounds bound to sigma (sigma(1) and sigma(2)) and serotonin (5-HT(1A), 5-HT(2A), 5-HT(2B), 5-HT(2C), 5-HT(3),(More)
A series of isatin sulfonamide analogs having a Michael acceptor were prepared and their potencies for inhibiting caspase-1, -3, -6, -7, and -8 were evaluated. These compounds have nanomolar potency for inhibiting the executioner caspases, caspase-3 and caspase-7, and have a low potency for inhibiting caspase-1, caspase-6, and caspase-8. The inhibition(More)
A number of isatin sulfonamide analogues were prepared and their potencies for inhibiting caspase-1, -3, -6, -7, and -8 were evaluated in vitro. Several compounds displaying a nanomolar potency for inhibiting the executioner caspases, caspase-3 and caspase-7, were identified. These compounds were also observed to have a low potency for inhibiting the(More)
UNLABELLED Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) activity increases in acute and chronic inflammatory lung diseases. Imaging iNOS expression may be useful as an inflammation biomarker for monitoring lung disease activity. We developed a novel tracer for PET that binds to iNOS in vivo, (18)F-NOS. In this study, we tested whether (18)F-NOS could quantify(More)