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In this study, the anticancer effect of icariin, a natural flavonol glycoside, against human hepatoma SMMC-7721 cells and the underlying mechanisms were investigated. Icariin triggered the mitochondrial/caspase apoptotic pathway indicated by enhanced Bax-to-Bcl-2 ratio, loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, cytochrome c release, and caspase cascade.(More)
Gallbladder cancer is the most frequent malignancy of the bile duct with high aggressive and extremely poor prognosis. The main objective of the paper was to investigate the inhibitory effects of oridonin, a diterpenoid isolated from Rabdosia rubescens, on gallbladder cancer both in vitro and in vivo and to explore the mechanisms underlying oridonin-induced(More)
PURPOSE To compare the safety and effectiveness of primary closure with those of T-tube drainage in laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) for choledocholithiasis. METHODS A comprehensive search was performed in the PubMed, EmBase, and Cochrane Library databases. Only randomized controlled trials comparing primary closure with T-tube drainage(More)
Pancreatic fistula (PF) is the most frequent complication after distal pancreatectomy (DP). Prophylactic transpapillary pancreatic stenting (PTPS) has been proposed recently for the prevention of PF after DP. In this meta-analysis, a comprehensive search was performed in the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases. Studies analyzing the results of(More)
Individuals with gallbladder carcinoma (GBC), the most aggressive malignancy of the biliary tract, have a poor prognosis. Here we report the identification of somatic mutations for GBC in 57 tumor-normal pairs through a combination of exome sequencing and ultra-deep sequencing of cancer-related genes. The mutation pattern is defined by a dominant prevalence(More)
The transcriptional coactivator Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP1), a key regulator of cell proliferation and organ size in vertebrates, has been implicated in various malignancies. However, little is known about the expression and biological function of YAP1 in human gallbladder cancer (GBC). In this study we examined the clinical significance and biological(More)
Although matrine, a primary active component of dried Sophora flavescens root (ku shen), is known to induce apoptosis in a variety of tumor cells in vitro, the molecular mechanism of such apoptosis remains elusive. This analysis of the cell cycle and apoptosis in matrine-treated human gallbladder carcinoma cells (GBC-SD) showed that matrine can indeed(More)
Fibronectin (FN), a heterodimeric glycoprotein overexpressed in several types of tumors, has been implicated in cancer progression via the activation of integrin-mediated pro-oncogenic pathways. The FN level in human bile fluid is dramatically increased in malignant biliary diseases; however, FN expression and its biological functions in gallbladder cancer(More)
The chloride intracellular channel 1 (CLIC1) gene family is a recently identified class of Cl channel proteins. Although CLIC1 involvement is well established in some cancers such as gastric cancer and colon cancer, its expression pattern in gallbladder cancer (GBC) remains unknown. The aim of our study was to investigate the expression of CLIC1 in relation(More)
Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is one of the most lethal neoplasm and is the fifth most common malignancy of gastrointestinal tract. The prognosis of gallbladder cancer is extremely terrible partially due to metastasis. Thus, understanding the molecular pathways controlling metastasis of this lethal disease may provide new targets for targeted therapeutic(More)