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Electrophysiological correlates of the processing facial expressions were investigated in subjects performing the rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) task. The peak latencies of the event-related potential (ERP) components P1, vertex positive potential (VPP), and N170 were 165, 240, and 240 ms, respectively. The early anterior N100 and posterior P1(More)
Sudden changes in the acoustic environment enhance perceptual processing of subsequent visual stimuli that appear in close spatial proximity. Little is known, however, about the neural mechanisms by which salient sounds affect visual processing. In particular, it is unclear whether such sounds automatically activate visual cortex. To shed light on this(More)
The current study employed a modified gambling task, in which probabilistic cues were provided to elicit positive or negative expectations. Event-related potentials (ERPs) to "final outcome" and "probabilistic cues" were analyzed. Difference waves between the negative condition and the corresponding positive condition were examined. The results confirm that(More)
It is widely reported that inverting a face dramatically affects its recognition. Previous studies have shown that face inversion increases the amplitude and delays the latency of the face-specific N170 component of the event-related potential (ERP) and also enhances the amplitude of the occipital P1 component (latency 100-132 ms). The present study(More)
We provided a novel reversible sketch data structure which had exactly sub-linear finding time proportional to the sketch length. We first introduced the XOR-based hash functions over the Galois field GF({O,1},square,*), defined the full-ranked boolean matrix over GF({0,1}, square, *) and the maximum dispersion among the hash functions. Then, we chose d(More)
Recent findings suggest that a salient, irrelevant sound attracts attention to its location involuntarily and facilitates processing of a colocalized visual event [McDonald, J. J., Störmer, V. S., Martinez, A., Feng, W. F., & Hillyard, S. A. Salient sounds activate human visual cortex automatically. Journal of Neuroscience, 33, 9194-9201, 2013]. Associated(More)
A recent study in humans (McDonald et al., 2013) found that peripheral, task-irrelevant sounds activated contralateral visual cortex automatically as revealed by an auditory-evoked contralateral occipital positivity (ACOP) recorded from the scalp. The present study investigated the functional significance of this cross-modal activation of visual cortex, in(More)
Although the hypothesis that nestedness determines mutualistic ecosystem dynamics is accepted in general, results of some recent data analyses and theoretical studies have begun to cast doubt on the impact of nestedness on ecosystem stability. However, definite conclusions have not yet been reached because previous studies are mainly based on numerical(More)
Previous studies have shown differential event-related potentials (ERPs) to intensities of fearful facial expressions. There are indications that the eyes may be particularly relevant for the recognition of fearful expressions, even the amount of white sclera exposed above and on sides of the dark pupil could activate the amygdala response. To investigate(More)