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BACKGROUND Although heavy smoking has been associated with impulsivity in humans, it is not clear whether poor impulse control represents a risk factor in the etiology of nicotine dependence. METHODS To address this issue, rats were selected on the basis of individual differences in impulsivity in the delayed reward task (impulsive choice) and the(More)
The present study shows that the selective cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist SR141716A attenuated responding for both nicotine- and sucrose-associated stimuli in a long-term extinction-reinstatement model. The results suggest that endocannabinoids play a general role in modulating cue reactivity or conditioned reinforcement following prolonged abstinence(More)
RATIONALE Treatment of the most widely abused drugs, nicotine and alcohol, is hampered by high rates of relapse. Varenicline tartrate, an α4β2 nicotinic receptor partial agonist, is currently prescribed as a smoking cessation aid. However, there is emerging evidence that it may also modulate alcohol seeking and cognitive functioning in rats. OBJECTIVES As(More)
Nicotine-associated paraphernalia such as cigarettes and ashtrays are potent smoking relapse triggers. In addition to these discrete cues, environmental contexts previously associated with smoking elicit strong cigarette craving, indicating that contextual stimuli also contribute to high smoking relapse rates. Nonetheless, little is known about the precise(More)
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