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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the relationship among gestational age at elective cesarean delivery, neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission, and whether the presence of pre-cesarean delivery labor or ruptured membranes affected the incidence of neonatal respiratory distress. METHODS A chart review was performed of all elective caesarean deliveries(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the variation in the incidence and to identify the timing of the presentation of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in a cohort of preterm infants within the Canadian Neonatal Network (CNN). METHODS This was a population-based cohort of 16 669 infants with gestational age (GA) <33 weeks, admitted to 25 NICUs participating in the CNN(More)
BACKGROUND Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) have usually supported using heparin prophylaxis against venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients undergoing cranial neurosurgery. The tradeoff between benefit and bleeding risk, however, has not been adequately characterized. OBJECTIVE To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis assessing the extent to(More)
UNLABELLED Understanding of the potential dangers of hyperoxia in the newborn is growing. Several studies have examined the use of room air for the resuscitation of newborns. OBJECTIVE To assess the effects of room air resuscitation versus 100% oxygen resuscitation on mortality at 1 week and 1 month in asphyxiated newborn infants. STUDY DESIGN(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the changes in oxygen saturation (SpO2) in healthy infants during the first 10 minutes of life. STUDY DESIGN In this observational study, infants > or = 35 weeks gestation at birth who did not require supplemental oxygen had continuous recordings taken of the preductal SpO2 over the first 10 minutes of life. RESULTS A total of 115(More)
To compare the effect of small for gestational age (SGA) on mortality, major morbidity and resource utilization among singleton very preterm infants (<33 weeks gestation) admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) across Canada. Infants admitted to participating NICUs from 2003 to 2008 were divided into SGA (defined as birth weight <10th percentile(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop models and a graphical tool for predicting survival to discharge without major morbidity for infants with a gestational age (GA) at birth of 22-32 weeks using infant information at birth. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. SETTING Canadian Neonatal Network data for 2003-2008 were utilised. PATIENTS Neonates born between 22 and 32(More)
BACKGROUND The treatment of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) due to myopic degeneration can include laser photocoagulation, photodynamic therapy, corticosteroids, and subretinal surgery. We report a case of a young patient with myopic CNV refractive to laser photocoagulation, photodynamic therapy, and intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide treated with(More)