Wendy Y L Zhang

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PURPOSE To explore intratumor heterogeneity in gene expression profiles from patients with cervical cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN A total of 33 biopsies were obtained from 11 patients, sampling between two and five different areas for each tumor. The extracted RNA was hybridized onto the Affymetrix U133 Plus 2.0 oligonucleotide chip. The variance of(More)
Human embryonic stem cells (hESC) present a novel platform for in vitro investigation of the early embryonic cellular response to ionizing radiation. Thus far, no study has analyzed the genome-wide transcriptional response to ionizing radiation in hESCs, nor has any study assessed their ability to form teratomas, the definitive test of pluripotency. In this(More)
RATIONALE Molecular imaging has proven to be a vital tool in the characterization of stem cell behavior in vivo. However, the integration of reporter genes has typically relied on random integration, a method that is associated with unwanted insertional mutagenesis and positional effects on transgene expression. OBJECTIVE To address this barrier, we used(More)
Aging is known to be the single most important risk factor for multiple diseases. Sirtuin 6, or SIRT6, has recently been identified as a critical regulator of transcription, genome stability, telomere integrity, DNA repair, and metabolic homeostasis. A knockout mouse model of SIRT6 has displayed dramatic phenotypes of accelerated aging. In keeping with its(More)
BACKGROUND Inhibition of mitochondrial function occurs in many neurodegenerative diseases, and inhibitors of mitochondrial complexes I and II are used to model them. The complex II inhibitor, 3-nitroproprionic acid (3-NPA), kills the striatal neurons susceptible in Huntington's disease. The complex I inhibitor N-methyl-4-phenylpyridium (MPP(+)) and(More)
BACKGROUND There is a need for drug delivery systems (DDS) that can enhance cytosolic delivery of anti-cancer drugs trapped in the endo-lysosomal compartments. Exposure of cells to specific photosensitizers followed by light exposure (photochemical internalization, PCI) results in transfer of agents from the endocytic compartment into the cytosol. (More)
Gene expression profiling was conducted using primary human nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) biopsy samples to improve the understanding of the molecular pathways defining NPC and to identify novel potential therapeutic targets. RNA samples were extracted from 36 patients suspected to have NPC and hybridized onto the Affymetrix U133A chip. NPC was diagnosed(More)
RATIONALE Human embryonic stem cell (hESC) derivatives are attractive candidates for therapeutic use. The engraftment and survival of hESC derivatives as xenografts or allografts require effective immunosuppression to prevent immune cell infiltration and graft destruction. OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that a short-course, dual-agent regimen of two(More)
Human pluripotent stem cells, including human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and human induced PSCs (hiPSCs), have great potential as an unlimited donor source for cell-based therapeutics. The risk of teratoma formation from residual undifferentiated cells, however, remains a critical barrier to the clinical application of these cells. Herein, we describe(More)