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The oddball paradigm examines attentional processes by establishing neural substrates for target detection and novelty. Event-related functional imaging enables characterization of hemodynamic changes associated with these processes. We studied 36 healthy participants (17 men) applying a visual oddball event-related design at 4 Tesla, and performed an(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a minimally invasive surgical technique for the treatment of base of tongue neoplasms using the optical and technical advantages of robotic surgical instrumentation. STUDY DESIGN Ten experimental procedures including tongue base exposure and dissections were performed on three cadavers and two mongrel dogs. Transoral robotic surgery(More)
OBJECTIVES We assessed the feasibility of performing transoral supraglottic partial laryngectomy with robotic instrumentation. METHODS Transoral robotic surgery (TORS) was performed on 3 human patients with supraglottic carcinoma in a prospective human trial. The study was approved by our institutional review board and involved the da Vinci Surgical Robot(More)
This study examined the relationship between pre-migration trauma and HIV-risk behavior in refugees from sub-Saharan Africa. The sample comprised 122 persons who had emigrated from sub-Saharan Africa and were currently residing in Sweden. Qualitative methods including individual interviews, focus groups, and interviews with key informants addressed(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe and show the feasibility of a new surgical technique for transoral robotic surgery (TORS) radical tonsillectomy. DESIGN A prospective, phase 1 clinical trial. SETTING Academic, tertiary referral center. PATIENTS A total of 27 participants were prospectively selected using a volunteer sample. All eligible patients agreed to(More)
BACKGROUND Spinal instrumentation has become an increasing part of the armamentarium of neurosurgery and neurosurgical training. For noncontroversial indications for spine fusion the arthrodesis rate seems to be better. For both noncontroversial and controversial indications, the reported complication rate with spinal instrumentation tends to be greater(More)
OBJECTIVE Schizophrenia patients have problems directing attention. Sustained attention requires ensuring that brain resources are focused on a selected target (top-down task) while ignoring irrelevant distractors (bottom-up interference). Whether patients have too little ability to focus or too much interference from distraction has not been clarified. The(More)
Breast and gynecological cancer-associated antigens RAK p120, p42 and p25 exhibit molecular, immunological and genetic homology to HIV-1 proteins. Normal tissues, including the majority of tissues adjacent to cancer, do not express these unique cancer markers. Antigens RAK are now detected in 100% of prostate cancer and in the majority of prostate benign(More)
To investigate apparently asymptomatic, bilateral symmetrical predominantly pontine hyperintensities (PHI) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans in elderly patients, we examined the pons histopathologically in two brains of elderly hypertensives with PHI, and in three without PHI, on postmortem MRI scans. We also reviewed 85 serial in vivo MRI scans of(More)
OBJECT To increase knowledge about unilateral facet dislocation, including presentation, radiological findings, management, and outcome, the authors reviewed the cases of 51 consecutive patients with unilateral locked facets of the cervical spine who underwent treatment over an 11-year period. With the development of internal fixation devices, the authors(More)