Learn More
The oddball paradigm examines attentional processes by establishing neural substrates for target detection and novelty. Event-related functional imaging enables characterization of hemodynamic changes associated with these processes. We studied 36 healthy participants (17 men) applying a visual oddball event-related design at 4 Tesla, and performed an(More)
BACKGROUND Spinal instrumentation has become an increasing part of the armamentarium of neurosurgery and neurosurgical training. For noncontroversial indications for spine fusion the arthrodesis rate seems to be better. For both noncontroversial and controversial indications, the reported complication rate with spinal instrumentation tends to be greater(More)
OBJECTIVE Schizophrenia patients have problems directing attention. Sustained attention requires ensuring that brain resources are focused on a selected target (top-down task) while ignoring irrelevant distractors (bottom-up interference). Whether patients have too little ability to focus or too much interference from distraction has not been clarified. The(More)
To investigate apparently asymptomatic, bilateral symmetrical predominantly pontine hyperintensities (PHI) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans in elderly patients, we examined the pons histopathologically in two brains of elderly hypertensives with PHI, and in three without PHI, on postmortem MRI scans. We also reviewed 85 serial in vivo MRI scans of(More)
OBJECT To increase knowledge about unilateral facet dislocation, including presentation, radiological findings, management, and outcome, the authors reviewed the cases of 51 consecutive patients with unilateral locked facets of the cervical spine who underwent treatment over an 11-year period. With the development of internal fixation devices, the authors(More)
To determine the reliability of infarct measurements on hard-copy computed tomography (CT) images the in vivo (IV) infarct volumes of 20 CT-detected infarcts were estimated and divided into four size groups with 5 infarcts in each group: Group A, less than 0.5 ml; Group B, 0.5 to 5.0 ml; Group C, 5 to 50 ml; and Group D, more than 50 ml. Seventeen infarcts(More)
This study examined the relationship between pre-migration trauma and HIV-risk behavior in refugees from sub-Saharan Africa. The sample comprised 122 persons who had emigrated from sub-Saharan Africa and were currently residing in Sweden. Qualitative methods including individual interviews, focus groups, and interviews with key informants addressed(More)
  • 1