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BACKGROUND This study examines the social relationships of elementary school children with high-functioning autism, focusing on how gender relates to social preferences and acceptance, social connections, reciprocal friendships, and rejection. METHOD Peer nomination data were analyzed for girls with and without ASD (n = 50) and boys with and without ASD(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Although childhood and adult abuse are more prevalent among patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) than healthy individuals (controls), other types of early adverse life events (EALs) have not been well characterized. We investigated whether different types of EALs, before age 18 years, are more prevalent among patients with IBS, and(More)
OBJECTIVES Low-grade colonic mucosal inflammation has been postulated to have an important role in the pathophysiology of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The objectives of this study were (i) to identify serum and tissue-based immunological and neuroendocrine markers associated with mucosal inflammation in male (M) and female (F) patients with(More)
To investigate whether the obese children are prone to develop dental caries, the cross-sectional data from a Three-year-old Children's Health Survey were evaluated. The body weight, height, body mass index (BMI), and decayed and filled teeth (dft) score were analyzed in 5,133 children. The prevalence of dental caries was not different significantly among(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare 2 short-term, community caregiver training interventions for preschool-aged children with Autism Spectrum Disorder who had low resources. Low resource was defined by the US Department of Housing and Urban Development low-income index or 1 "indicator," (e.g., Medicaid eligibility). Child outcomes focused on joint engagement, joint(More)
This study tested the effects of a parent-mediated intervention on parental responsiveness with their toddlers at high risk for an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Participants included caregivers and their 66 toddlers at high risk for ASD. Caregivers were randomized to 12 sessions of an individualized parent education intervention aimed at improving(More)
Little is known about language development in children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) who remain minimally verbal past age 5. While there is evidence that children can develop language after age 5, we lack detailed information. Studies of this population generally focus on discrete language skills without addressing broader social-communication(More)
BACKGROUND Corticotropin-releasing hormone receptor 1 (CRH-R1) in the amygdala and the stria terminalis plays an important role in the activation of central stress circuits. Genetic factors may contribute to the hyperresponsiveness of these circuits in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). AIMS To determine if CRH-R1 SNPs are associated with: (1) a diagnosis of(More)
BACKGROUND Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) with mixed bowel habits (IBS-M) is a heterogeneous subtype with varying symptoms of constipation and diarrhea, and has not been well characterized. We aimed to characterize gastrointestinal (GI) and non-GI symptoms in IBS-M patients from a US patient population, and to compare them with IBS with constipation (IBS-C)(More)
OBJECTIVES Alterations in 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) signaling have been implicated as a factor contributing to the altered bowel habit of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients. Tryptophan hydroxylase 1 (TPH1) is the rate-limiting enzyme in enterochromaffin cell 5-HT biosynthesis. We hypothesized that genetic variants affecting TPH1 gene expression might(More)