Wendy R. Winnall

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The activins are members of the transforming growth factor β superfamily with broad and complex effects on cell growth and differentiation. Activin A has long been known to be a critical regulator of inflammation and immunity, and similar roles are now emerging for activin B, with which it shares 65% sequence homology. These molecules and their binding(More)
A better understanding of immunity to influenza virus is needed to generate cross-protective vaccines. Engagement of Ab-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) Abs by NK cells leads to killing of virus-infected cells and secretion of antiviral cytokines and chemokines. ADCC Abs may target more conserved influenza virus Ags compared with neutralizing Abs.(More)
Celecoxib (Celebrex), an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2; prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2; EC, is widely used in the treatment of chronic inflammation and pain. COX-2 is constitutively expressed in the testis, where it is responsible for prostaglandin production, so inhibition of this enzyme should have effects on testicular function.(More)
In the hemopoietic compartment, IL-3, GM-CSF, and IL-5 receptors are major transducers of survival signals; however, the receptor-proximal events that determine this vital function have not been defined. We have found that IL-3 stimulation induces phosphorylation of Ser-585 of beta(c). This promotes the association of phospho-Ser-585 of beta(c) with 14-3-3(More)
Activin A, a transforming growth factor-β family cytokine, plays a crucial role in regulating the onset and severity of many inflammatory conditions, such as acute lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation. Activin A is also implicated in type 2 diabetes (T2D), a disease characterised by insulin resistance, hyperglycaemia and chronic elevation of(More)
Activin A provides a unique link between reproduction and immunity, which is especially significant in the adult testis. This cytokine, together with inhibin B and follistatin acting as regulators of activin A activity, is fundamentally involved in the regulation of spermatogenesis and testicular steroidogenesis. However, activin A also has a much broader(More)
Activin A, a member of the transforming growth factor-β superfamily, is a critical early mediator of acute inflammation. Activin A release coincides with the release of tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in models of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation. The source of circulating activin A during acute inflammation has not been identified and the(More)
Activin A, a member of the transforming growth factor-β family, increases in the circulation within 1 h after administration of bacterial LPS. To clarify the origins of this rapid increase, the distribution of activin A and its binding protein, follistatin, and their production following LPS treatment, were assessed in adult male mice. In untreated mice,(More)
BACKGROUND Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is a purified pool of human antibodies from thousands of donors that is used to prevent or treat primary immune deficiency, several infectious diseases, and autoimmune diseases. The antibodies that mediate antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) against heterologous influenza strains may be present in(More)
BACKGROUND Combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) effectively controls human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection but does not eliminate HIV, and lifelong treatment is therefore required. HIV-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses decline following cART initiation. Alterations in other HIV-specific immune responses that may assist in(More)