Wendy P Blakely

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We have previously shown in rats that the provision of analgesic doses of morphine significantly reduces the tumor-promoting effects of undergoing and recovering from surgery. Because morphine had no effect in non-operated animals, and because a single preoperative dose given hours before tumor inoculation was effective, we have suggested that it is the(More)
OBJECTIVE Neuroendocrine-immune models have been proposed to account for the frequent co-occurrence of pain, depression, and fatigue (PDF) among cancer patients. DESIGN In a cross-sectional observational study of advanced cancer patients (N = 104), we tested the hypothesis that the PDF cluster covaries with proposed biological mediators: hormones of the(More)
One hundred forty-three large bore right-atrial catheters (RACs) in 111 bone marrow transplant recipients were prospectively analyzed for the incidence of complications interfering with catheter function. Of the 143 RACs, 108 (76%) were patent on departure from Seattle or death. Infectious complications occurred in 63 (44%) of the catheters, resulting in 18(More)
Physiological events in the initial inflammatory stage of cutaneous wound healing influence subsequent stages. Proinflammatory cytokines coordinate molecular and cellular processes during the inflammatory stage. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) alter proinflammatory cytokine production, but how this phenomenon specifically influences wound healing is not(More)
Anxiety is common in critically ill patients and can adversely affect recovery if not properly assessed and treated. The objectives of this study were to: (1) identify the clinical indicators that critical care nurses consider to be the defining attributes of anxiety in critically ill patients; and (2) delineate the interventions that critical care nurses(More)
BACKGROUND Anxiety activates the sympathetic nervous system and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and may increase morbidity and mortality in vulnerable critical care patients. Despite the adverse effects of anxiety, little is known about critical care nurses 'practices for assessing anxiety. OBJECTIVE To determine the importance that critical care(More)
The intensive care necessary for premature newborns is characterized by multiple procedures, many of which are painful. Given emerging evidence that such early pain during this time of high brain plasticity may affect long-term neurodevelopmental and social-emotional functioning, this study explored the impact of early repeated pain on emotionality and(More)