Wendy McDowell

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Six groups, designated a-f, of noncompeting murine monoclonal antibodies to the envelope glycoprotein E2 of Semliki Forest virus (SFV) have been used to analyze antigenic changes caused by differences in the carbohydrate chain composition of the envelope glycoprotein E2 in the virion. Deletion of terminal sialic acids as observed in virus progeny from(More)
It is possible to interfere with different steps in the dolichol pathway of protein glycosylation and in the processing of asparagine-linked oligosaccharides. Thus some clues about the role of protein-bound carbohydrate can be obtained by comparing the biochemical fates and functions of glycosylated proteins with their non-glycosylated counterparts, or with(More)
The roles of glucose and mannose trimming in the maturation of Sindbis virus in BHK cells have been investigated using inhibitors of glycoprotein oligosaccharide processing. In the presence of the glucosidase inhibitor N-methyl-1-deoxynojirimycin the viral glycoproteins were equipped with oligosaccharides of the composition Glc3Man8,9(GlcNAc)2 and the yield(More)
The alpha3 fucosyltransferase, FucT-VII, is one of the key glycosyltransferases involved in the biosynthesis of the sialyl Lewis X (sLex) antigen on human leukocytes. The sialyl Lewis X antigen (NeuAcalpha(2-3)Galbeta(1-4)[Fucalpha(1-3)]GlcNAc-R) is an essential component of the recruitment of leukocytes to sites of inflammation, mediating the primary(More)
2-Deoxy-2-fluoro-D-mannose (2FMan), an antiviral mannose analogue, inhibited the dolichol cycle of protein glycosylation. To specifically inhibit oligosaccharide-lipid synthesis, and not (viral) protein synthesis in influenza virus infected cells, the addition of guanosine to the 2FMan-treated cells was required. Under these conditions an early step in the(More)
The effects of alpha-D-mannopyranosylmethyl-p-nitrophenyltriazene (MMNT) on mannosidases involved in asparagine-linked oligosaccharide processing were investigated. MMNT was found to inhibit the activity of rat liver Golgi alpha-mannosidase I in a concentration-dependent manner (50% inhibition with 0.18 mM-MMNT), whereas rat liver endoplasmic-reticulum(More)
The particulate hepatitis core protein (HBcAg) represents an efficient carrier platform with many of the characteristics uniquely required for the delivery of weak immunogens to the immune system. Although the HBcAg is highly immunogenic, the existing HBcAg-based platform technology has a number of theoretical and practical limitations, most notably the(More)
Deoxymannojirimycin (dMM) was tested as an inhibitor of the processing of the oligosaccharide portion of viral and cellular N-linked glycoproteins. The NWS strain of influenza virus was grown in MDCK cells in the presence of various amounts of dMM, and the glycoproteins were labeled by the addition of 2-[3H]mannose to the medium. At levels of 10(More)
Intestinal brush border enzyme glycoproteins are transported to the microvillar membrane at different rates in the differentiated intestinal cell line Caco-2. This asynchronism is due to at least two rate-limiting events, a pre- and an intra-Golgi step (Stieger B., Matter, K., Baur, B., Bucher, K., Höchli, M., and Hauri, H.P. (1988) J. Cell Biol. 106,(More)
Lava tube cave ecosystems on the volcanic islands of Hawai‘i support communities of rare and highly specialized cave arthropods. In these cave ecosystems, plant roots, both living and dead, provide the main energy source for cave animals. Loss of deep-rooted plants over caves will affect populations of cave-adapted animals living below. Furthermore, the(More)