Wendy Lynne Gilleard

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Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is a common disorder that afflicts people across all age groups, and results in various degrees of knee pain. The diagnosis of PFPS is difficult since the exact biomechanical factors and the extent to which they are affected by the disorder are still unknown. Recent research has reported significant statistical(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of patellar taping on the onset of activity of the vastus medialis obliquus muscle (VMO) and the vastus lateralis muscle (VL). SUBJECTS AND METHODS Fourteen female subjects with patellar pain walked up and down stairs in two conditions: (1) with the patellofemoral joint of the(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to determine how the triphasic electromyogram (EMG) pattern of muscle activation developed from the agonist muscle only pattern as movement time (tmov) decreased. Six adult women produced a series of 30 degrees elbow extension movements in the horizontal plane at speeds ranging from ballistic (less than 400-ms tmov) to(More)
STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional study of electromyographic onsets of trunk and hip muscles in subjects with a clinical diagnosis of sacroiliac joint pain and matched control subjects. OBJECTIVES To determine whether muscle activation of the supporting leg was different between control subjects and subjects with sacroiliac joint pain during hip flexion in(More)
This study investigated the 3-dimensional displacement of points on the face that were thought to be still during facial movement. These points are currently used to measure displacement of moving facial regions during assessment of normal facial movement and treatment interventions following facial nerve paralysis. It is, however, unknown if these places(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examined the right to left symmetry of the displacement of three-dimensional movement of the human face. METHODS Displacement data on 42 subjects was collected and analyzed with the Expert Vision Motion Analysis System. Right and left three-dimensional facial displacements were quantified. RESULTS Significantly greater left than(More)
Abnormal subtalar joint function and the consequent rotation of the tibia during walking are thought to contribute to patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). The purpose of this study was to measure rearfoot and tibia motion, and the ground reaction force (GRF) during the stance phase of walking in subjects with PFPS and compare them to healthy subjects. A(More)
BACKGROUND Many studies have shown that lack of functional activity of tibialis posterior leads to changes in the longitudinal arch and affects the motion of the foot. A quantitative description of the affects on the motion of the foot in detail has not been reported. OBJECTIVE To describe three-dimensional motion of the leg, rearfoot and forefoot with(More)
A recently developed abdominal muscle test (AMT), using four levels of difficulty to assess abdominal muscle strength, was validated by examination of the functional interrelationship between the individual muscles during the AMT, and by determining the relationship between the AMT level of difficulty and electromyographical (EMG) activity. EMG data were(More)
OBJECTIVE Effects of obesity on trunk forward flexion motion in sitting and standing, and postural adaptations and hip joint moment for a standing work task. DESIGN Cross-sectional comparison of obese and normal weight groups. SUBJECTS Ten obese subjects (waist girth 121.2+/-16.8 cm, body mass index (BMI) 38.9+/-6.6 kg m(-2)) and 10 age- and(More)