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A repetitive DNA sequence has been identified in the Drosophila melanogaster genome that appears to be localized specifically within genes of the bithorax and Antennapedia complexes that are required for correct segmental development. Initially identified in cloned copies of the genes Antennapedia, Ultrabithorax and fushi tarazu, the sequence is also(More)
The homeotic genes of the bithorax complex (BX-C) and the Antennapedia complex (ANT-C) of Drosophila appear to specify the developmental fate of segments or parts of segments of the fly. We have previously reported weak DNA sequence homology between 3' portions of the Antennapedia and fushi tarazu genes of the ANT-C and the Ultrabithorax gene of the BX-C.(More)
The engrailed locus of Drosophila melanogaster has the characteristics of both a homoeotic gene and a segmentation gene: like a homoeotic gene, it specifies the development of specific compartments of the Drosophila embryo (the posterior compartments of each segment), and, like mutations of segmentation genes, lethal alleles of engrailed affect also the(More)
Some of the homeotic genes of Drosophila, involved in the control of segmental development, form a diverged multigene family. A conserved DNA sequence common to these genes has been used to isolate a clone (Mo-10) from the mouse genome which contains a sequence coding for a protein domain that is homologous to the domain conserved in the Drosophila homeotic(More)
Mammalian homeo box genes have been identified on the basis of sequence homology to Drosophila homeotic and segmentation genes. These studies examine the distribution of transcripts from two mouse homeo box genes, Hox-2.1 and Hox-3.1, throughout the latter third of prenatal development. Transcripts from these genes are regionally localized along the(More)
The sites of transcript accumulation for six different homeotic loci of the Antennapedia and bithorax gene complexes (ANT-C and BX-C) were identified within embryo tissue sections by in situ hybridization. These six loci belong to the Antennapedia class of the homeo box gene family. Transcripts encoded by each locus are detected primarily in discrete,(More)
The mouse genome has a number of homeobox genes that are structurally similar to the Drosophila Antenapedia (Antp) gene. We find that one of the mouse Antp-like genes, Hox-2.2, when expressed in developing Drosophila cells under control of a heat shock promoter, can induce homeotic transformations that are nearly identical to those caused by ectopic(More)
Like other homeobox genes of the Antennapedia and bithorax complexes (collectively called the HOM complex), the Drosophila Deformed (Dfd) gene has structural homologues in the Hox/HOX complexes of mouse and humans, one of which is human HOX4B (refs 3, 4). Previous experiments indicated that HOX4B protein can specifically activate the expression of the(More)
The Antennapedia, Ultrabithorax, and fushi tarazu genes of Drosophila melanogaster each contain a very similar protein coding sequence, the homeo box. Previously cloned homeo box sequences were used to isolate additional well conserved members of the homeo box gene family. The most strongly conserved members of the homeo box gene family map within either(More)
Homoeotic genes in the bithorax and Antennapedia complexes of Drosophila melanogaster appear to specify the developmental fate of segments of the fly. Some of these genes (Ultrabithorax, Antennapedia and fushi tarazu) share homology due to their conservation of a 'homoeo domain'1,2 consisting of 60 amino acids. Cross-hybridization and cloning experiments(More)