Learn More
The HER-2/neu oncogene is a member of the erbB-like oncogene family, and is related to, but distinct from, the epidermal growth factor receptor. This gene has been shown to be amplified in human breast cancer cell lines. In the current study, alterations of the gene in 189 primary human breast cancers were investigated. HER-2/neu was found to be amplified(More)
Carcinoma of the breast and ovary account for one-third of all cancers occurring in women and together are responsible for approximately one-quarter of cancer-related deaths in females. The HER-2/neu proto-oncogene is amplified in 25 to 30 percent of human primary breast cancers and this alteration is associated with disease behavior. In this report,(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the independent prognostic significanceof interstitial fluid pressure (IFP) measurements in cervix cancer. A total of 102 patients with newly diagnosed cervix cancer were accrued to this prospective study. There were 31 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IB or IIA tumors, 40 IIB tumors, and(More)
The formation, stereostructure, and cellular reactions of the 7,8-diol-9,10-epoxide metabolites of the carcinogen benzo[a]pyrene have been examined after topical application of benzo[a]pyrene to the skin of mice. In this known target tissue, polymer adducts from diastereomeric diol epoxides, (+)-(7S, 8R, 9R, 10R) and (+)-(7R, 8S, 9R, 10R), were formed(More)
Genetic and molecular studies suggest that activin receptor-like kinase 1 (ALK1) plays an important role in vascular development, remodeling, and pathologic angiogenesis. Here we investigated the role of ALK1 in angiogenesis in the context of common proangiogenic factors [PAF; VEGF-A and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF)]. We observed that PAFs(More)
Enantiomers of the diastereomeric pair of bay-region benz(a)anthracene 3,4-diol-1,2-epoxides in which the benzylic 4-hydroxyl group and epoxide oxygen are either cis (isomer 1) or trans (isomer 2) were evaluated for mutagenic activity in two histidine-dependent strains of Salmonella typhimurium, as well as in an 8-azaguanine-sensitive Chinese hamster cell(More)
Benzo(a)anthracene (BA) and several benzo-ring deriv atives of BA were tested for their tumor-initiating activity on mouse skin. A single topical application of 0.1 to 2.0 /<mol of hydrocarbon was followed 7 days later by twice-weekly applications of the tumor promoter 12-O-tetra-decanoylphorbol-13-acetate for 20 weeks. Comparisons of the percentage of mice(More)
The tumorigenicity of the (+)- and (-)-enantiomers of the diastereomeric bay-region benz(a)anthracene 3,4-diol-1,2-epoxides was evaluated in two mouse tumor models. In an initiation-promotion experiment on mouse skin, a single topical application of 0.1 or 0.4 mumol of the benz(a)anthracene diol-epoxides was followed by 25 weeks of promotion with(More)
The biological activities of benzo(a)pyrene, cyclopenta(c,d)pyrene, and 12 other structurally related compounds were assessed by mutagenicity studies with bacterial and mammalian cells and/or skin tumorigenicity studies with mice. The ability of the parent hydrocarbons to be metabolically activated to mutagenic products was examined in strains TA98 and(More)