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Raised risks of several cancers have been found in patients with type II diabetes, but there are few data on cancer risk in type I diabetes. We conducted a cohort study of 28 900 UK patients with insulin-treated diabetes followed for 520 517 person-years, and compared their cancer incidence and mortality with national expectations. To analyse by diabetes(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Disease of the cardiovascular system is the main cause of long-term complications and mortality in patients with type I (insulin-dependent) and type II (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes. Cerebrovascular mortality rates have been shown to be raised in patients with type II diabetes but have not previously been reported by age and sex in(More)
The protein creatinine index in early morning and random urine specimens was compared with the 24 hour urinary excretion of protein in normal subjects and outpatients with abnormal proteinuria. A protein creatinine index (defined as (mg protein/1 divided by creatinine mmol/1) times 10) below 125 in a random specimen excluded abnormal proteinuria, whereas an(More)
OBJECTIVE Mortality from acute diabetes-related events is greatly raised in young adults with type 1 diabetes. Psychosocial and socioeconomic risk factors are examined for deaths from acute events separately from deaths due to other causes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This study had a nested case-control design. The cases were patients from the Diabetes(More)
  • G F Watts, J E Bennett, +4 authors A Polak
  • 1986
Four immunochemical methods (radioimmunoassay, RIA; radial immunodiffusion, RID; immunoturbidimetry, IT; enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, ELISA) for measuring urinary albumin at low concentrations were assessed for their assay characteristics and practicability. Precision and accuracy were comparable between the methods when studied individually. We made(More)
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