Wendy F. Davidson

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In vitro infection of bone marrow or fetal liver cells with retroviruses containing fes, abl, ras, or src oncogenes resulted in the transformation of early B lineage cells. All cell lines tested possessed rearrangements at the Ig heavy chain locus and some had rearrangements at the K chain locus. The majority of the lines corresponded phenotypically to(More)
A cell line, HAFTL-1, derived by in vitro transformation of fetal liver cells with v-Ha-ras, was found to have molecular and phenotypic characteristics of pro-B cells recently committed to the Ly-1+ B cell differentiation pathway. Stimulation of these cells with LPS resulted in their differentiation within either the B or myelomonocytic lineages. Thus,(More)
B cell malignancies arise with increased frequency in aging individuals and in patients with genetic or acquired immunodeficiency (e.g., AIDS) or autoimmune diseases. The mechanisms of lymphomagenesis in these individuals are poorly understood. In this report we investigated the possibility that mutations at the Fas (lpr) and Fasl (gld) loci, which prevent(More)
Germline mutations in Fas and Fasl induce nonmalignant T cell hyperplasia and systemic autoimmunity and also greatly increase the risk of B cell neoplasms. B lymphomas occurring in Fasl mutant (gld) mice usually are immunoglobulin (Ig) isotype switched, secrete Ig, and are plasmacytoid in appearance but lack Myc translocations characteristic of other plasma(More)
Short-term culture of activated T cells with IL-2 renders them highly susceptible to apoptotic death triggered by TCR cross-linking. Activation-induced apoptosis is contingent upon caspase activation and this is mediated primarily by Fas/Fas ligand (FasL) interactions that, in turn, are optimized by p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)-regulated(More)
We investigated the role of Fas ligand in murine silicosis. Wild-type mice instilled with silica developed severe pulmonary inflammation, with local production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, and interstitial neutrophil and macrophage infiltration in the lungs. Strikingly, Fas ligand-deficient generalized lymphoproliferative disease mutant (gld) mice(More)
We have compared histologic features and gene expression profiles of newly identified plasmacytomas from NFS.V(+) congenic mice with plasmacytomas of IL6 transgenic, Fasl mutant, and SJL-beta2M(-/-) mice. NFS.V(+) tumors comprised an overlapping morphologic spectrum of high-grade/anaplastic, intermediate-grade/plasmablastic, and low-grade/plasmacytic cases(More)
The protective activity of anti-Listeria-immune T cells assayed in an adoptive transfer system in H-2 restricted. As shown in the present studies, the demonstration of the restriction is directly dependent on the dose and the relative protective activity of spleen cells. In addition, some H-2-unrestricted protection is conferred predominantly by other than(More)
SJL/J mice heterozygous or homozygous for the lpr mutation were compared with SJL/J-+/+ mice for longevity, histopathology, antigenic characteristics of lymphocytes and expression of murine leukemia viruses (MuLV). In comparison to +/+ mice, lpr homozygotes had a markedly shortened life span, died with infiltrative pulmonary disease, but little or no renal(More)
The study of human autoimmune diseases has benefited greatly from analysis of animal models. Mice that are homozygous for either the lpr (lymphoproliferation) or gld (generalized lymphoproliferative disease) mutant genes develop a disease characterized by massive lymphadenopathy and autoantibody formation. With age, the lymphoid organs in these mice are(More)