Wendy E. Hovdestad

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INTRODUCTION Numerous data sources suggest a decline in child sexual abuse (CSA) in the United States since the early 1990s. Some evidence also indicates that an earlier period of higher CSA incidence began following World War II. This study examines prevalence estimates of sexual abuse reported retrospectively as having occurred in childhood (ChSA) in two(More)
BACKGROUND The long-term health consequences of childhood physical abuse are often studied using retrospective self-reports collected from adults. This study assesses the quality of a question on childhood physical abuse in the National Population Health Survey (NPHS). DATA AND METHODS All NPHS respondents aged 18 or older (n = 15,027) were asked a(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to examine the associations between childhood maltreatment (CM) and COPD in adulthood. METHODS Data were from 15,902 respondents to the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey - Mental Health. Multiple logistic regression models were used to examine associations between CM and COPD and the role of smoking and mental and(More)
BACKGROUND It is well established that childhood maltreatment (CM) is a risk factor for various mental and substance use disorders. To date, however, little research has focused on the possible long-term physical consequences of CM. Diabetes is a chronic disease, for which an association with CM has been postulated. METHODS Based on data from a sample of(More)
The issue of how to best collect child maltreatment data is a key concern within the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC). We argue that maltreatment data can be collected from children, adolescents, and parents with approaches that are accurate, methodologically robust, legal, and ethical. It has been done in other countries. First, we clarify ongoing(More)
Much of what is known about child abuse in Canada has come from reported cases of child abuse and at-risk samples, which likely represent the most severe cases of child abuse in the country. The objective of the current study is to examine the prevalence of a broad range of child abuse experiences (physical abuse, sexual abuse, and exposure to IPV) and(More)
Reliable national child maltreatment data are needed for developing and modifying policies aimed at preventing child maltreatment and helping child victims of maltreatment. Health Canada hosted a daylong forum in 2002 to solicit feedback from senior Government of Canada policy and program officials involved in child welfare programs and research in regard(More)
Childhood maltreatment and adolescent substance abuse are important health issues that have been linked by research and theory for at least 50 years. Considering the intricacies of child maltreatment research, this paper aims to answer the question: which models show the most promise to explain why child maltreatment is a risk indicator for adolescent(More)