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Increased capability for milk production has been associated with a decline in fertility of lactating cows. Nutritional requirements increase rapidly with milk production after calving and result in negative energy balance (NEBAL). NEBAL delays the time of first ovulation through inhibition of LH pulse frequency and low levels of blood glucose, insulin and(More)
Genetic improvement of dairy cows has markedly increased milk yield over the last three decades. Increased production has been associated with reduced conception rates (66% in 1951 versus 40 to 50% since 1975). Because conception rate in dairy heifers has remained higher, the metabolic demands of higher production may be related to the decline in(More)
As milk production has increased during the past four decades, conception rates in lactating cows have declined. Although reduced reproductive performance has been associated with high milk yields, measures of postpartum ovarian activity have been more closely related to energy balance. The relationship between daily energy balance and postpartum(More)
The objectives of this study were to characterize early postpartum (PP) follicular development in dairy cows and to evaluate the influence of energy balance (EB) and the level of dietary fat on dominant follicle development and function. Forty-five multiparous Holstein cows were fed either low (LF, 3.3%), moderate (MF, 5.2%), or high (HF, 7.1%) total(More)
Dairy cows suffer from an intense energy deficit at parturition due to the onset of copious milk synthesis and depressed appetite. Despite this deficit, maternal metabolism is almost completely devoted to the support of mammary metabolism. Evidence from rodents suggests that, during periods of nutritional insufficiency, a reduction in plasma leptin serves(More)
The objective of these studies was to elucidate the causes underlying the reduction of fertility associated with feeding of excess ruminally degradable protein to cattle. Holstein heifers were fed total mixed rations that either met (Normal) or exceeded (High) ruminally degradable protein requirements. In Exp. 1 heifers (n = 80) were inseminated at estrus(More)
Milk production and dry matter intake of dairy cows are stimulated in response to increased intake of dietary protein, but, unfortunately, decreased fertility is often associated with this nutritional strategy. Ruminally degradable protein or ruminally undegradable protein in excess of requirement can contribute to reduced fertility in lactating cows.(More)
The objectives of this study were to relate energy balance and metabolic hormones during the early postpartum period in dairy cows with dominant follicle development before first ovulation and to evaluate the effects of prilled lipid on follicular development during the first follicular wave after parturition and the postpartum anovulatory interval. At(More)
Relationship among energy balance (EB), first ovulation, circulating metabolites and opioid involvement in peripheral LH concentrations were assessed in 40 multiparous Holstein cows assigned randomly to an experiment with a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement of treatments. Cows were either milked normally (2x/d) and expected to be in negative EB (LAC) or were(More)
The objectives were to determine the effects of PGF(2alpha) treatment on the prevalence of subclinical endometritis (SCE) and fertility of dairy cows. A total of 406 Holstein cows (167 primiparous and 239 multiparous) from 5 herds were used. Uterine lavage for diagnosis of SCE, PGF(2alpha) treatment, evaluation of body condition scores (BCS), and collection(More)