Wendy A Spencer

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Glycolipids containing fucose linked to N-acetylglucosamine were isolated and characterized from 14 individual human and 13 individual dog intestines. From 8 of the dog intestines, Lewis a isomer fucolipids were isolated, all identical and having the structure Gal(beta 1 leads to 4)[Fuc alpha 1 leads to 3]GlcNAc(beta 1 leads to 3)Gal(beta 1 leads to(More)
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are toxic industrial chemicals, complete carcinogens, and efficacious tumor promoters. However, the mechanism(s) of PCB-mediated carcinogenicity remains largely undefined. One likely pathway by which these agents may play a role in carcinogenesis is the generation of oxidative DNA damage by redox cycling of dihydroxylated(More)
Dibenzo[a,l]pyrene (DBP) is the most potent tumor initiating polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon tested to date in rodent tumor models. To investigate how DBP adduct formation and removal might influence carcinogenesis, we have examined the effects of treatment of several nucleotide excision repair (NER)-proficient (NER(+)) and -deficient (NER(-)) cell lines(More)
The polyphenolics in green tea are believed to be the bioactive components. However, poor bioavailability following ingestion limits their efficacy in vivo. In this study, polyphenon E (poly E), a standardized green tea extract, was administered by sustained-release polycaprolactone implants (two, 2-cm implants; 20% drug load) grafted subcutaneously or via(More)
Experimental and epidemiological data associate the exposure of estrogens to cancer development in several tissues, particularly, the breast, endometrium, liver, and kidney. One plausible mechanism of estrogen-mediated carcinogenicity is DNA damage by redox cycling of estrogen catechols. Reports have shown that metabolism of estrogens results in 2- and(More)
There is increasing evidence supporting a causal role for oxidatively damaged DNA in neurodegeneration during the natural aging process and in neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson and Alzheimer. The presence of redox-active catecholamine neurotransmitters coupled with the localization of catalytic copper to DNA suggests a plausible role for these(More)
In this report milk-derived exosomes have been investigated for oral delivery of the chemotherapeutic drug paclitaxel (PAC) as an alternative to conventional i.v. therapy for improved efficacy and reduced toxicity. PAC-loaded exosomes (ExoPAC) were found to have a particle size of ~108 nm, a narrow particle size distribution (PDI ~0.190), zeta potential (~(More)
The ability of Coxsackie B3 virus to produce experimental infection in the mouse prenatally and post-natally has been examined. The embryos become infected only after intrauterine inoculation. The examined tissues show a negligible damage or none at all. Following post-natal infection, however, varied patterns of pathogenesis have been observed, depending(More)
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