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Mutations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) accumulate in tissues of mammalian species and have been hypothesized to contribute to aging. We show that mice expressing a proofreading-deficient version of the mitochondrial DNA polymerase g (POLG) accumulate mtDNA mutations and display features of accelerated aging. Accumulation of mtDNA mutations was not(More)
Cellular senescence can be triggered by telomere shortening as well as a variety of stresses and signaling imbalances. We used multiparameter single-cell detection methods to investigate upstream signaling pathways and ensuing cell cycle checkpoint responses in human fibroblasts. Telomeric foci containing multiple DNA damage response factors were assembled(More)
Human cells are more resistant to both immortalization and malignant transformation than rodent cells. Recent studies have established the basic genetic requirements for the transformation of human cells, but much of this work relied on the expression of transforming proteins derived from DNA tumor viruses. We constructed an isogenic panel of human(More)
Cellular replicative senescence is a permanent growth arrest state that can be triggered by telomere shortening. The cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) inhibitor p21(CIP1/WAF1) (p21), encoded by the CDKN1A gene, is a critical cell cycle regulator whose expression increases as cells approach senescence. Although the pathways responsible for its up-regulation are(More)
Executive Summary With the substantial increase of International Baccalaureate (IB) schools across the world, the IB has recognised that support and future development of the organisation's programmes will require information relating to the impact and value of an IB education. As the science literacy of a sample of students undertaking the IB Primary Years(More)
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