Wendi A Roscoe

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Signaling pathways that link extracellular factors to activation of the monomeric guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) Rho control cytoskeletal rearrangements and cell growth. Heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) participate in several of these pathways, although their mechanisms are unclear. The GTPase activities of two G protein(More)
An increased expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is associated with demyelinated lesions in both multiple sclerosis (MS) and its model (EAE), implicating changes in vasculature as a potential component of CNS plaque formation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the vascular changes in acute and chronic EAE in C57BL/6 mice(More)
Oculodentodigital dysplasia (ODDD) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by pleiotropic developmental anomalies of the limbs, teeth, face and eyes that was shown recently to be caused by mutations in the gap junction protein alpha 1 gene (GJA1), encoding connexin 43 (Cx43). In the course of performing an N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea mutagenesis screen,(More)
Connexin43 (Cx43), a gap junction protein encoded by the Gja1 gene, is expressed in several cell types of the testis. Cx43 gap junctions couple Sertoli cells with each other, Leydig cells with each other, and spermatogonia/spermatocytes with Sertoli cells. To investigate the role of this communication pathway in spermatogenesis, we studied postnatal testis(More)
Oculodentodigital dysplasia, a rare condition displaying congenital craniofacial deformities and limb abnormalities, has been associated with over 20 known human connexin43 (Cx43) mutations. The localization of two of these mutants, G21R and G138R, was examined in Cx43-positive normal rat kidney cells (NRK) and Cx43-negative gap junctional intercellular(More)
The receptor subtypes that mediate the vasoconstrictor and hypertrophic responses of AII were evaluated in cultured aortic smooth muscle cells from rat. The AII receptors were characterized by means of the subtype-specific receptor antagonists DuP 753 (AII-1) and PD123177 (AII-2) using changes of [Ca2+]i (fura-2) as an indirect measurement of(More)
Alterations in the expression of gap junction proteins have previously been observed in several diseases affecting the central nervous system; however, the status of connexin 43 (Cx43) has not yet been reported in spinal cord remyelination. We studied Cx43 expression in demyelination and remyelination by using a chronic guinea pig model of experimental(More)
Angiotensin II (AII) can release arachidonic acid metabolites such as prostacyclin (PGI2) and PGE2 from cells in cultures. It has recently been reported that the AT1 selective nonpeptide AII receptor antagonist losartan had similar effects. The present study was undertaken to further evaluate the effects of AII and losartan on cells which synthesize(More)
Rat pheochromocytoma PC12W cell membranes have previously been shown to exclusively contain the AT2 receptor subtype. The present study extended these binding data and explored the functional expression of these binding sites. Our binding competition studies show a potency series of Ang II = Ang III greater than saralasin greater than Ang I = PD123177 much(More)
Rho family GTPases play roles in cytoskeletal organization and cellular transformation. Tiam1 is a member of the Dbl family of guanine nucleotide exchange factors that activate Rho family GTPases. These exchange factors have in common a catalytic Dbl homology and adjacent pleckstrin homology domain. Previous structural studies suggest that the pleckstrin(More)