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The X-ray crystal structure of [Ru3 O2 (NH3)14] (S2 O3)3 . 4H2 O, the thiosulphate salt of Ruthenium Red, has been determined. The cation contains an essentially linear N-Ru-O-Ru-O-Ru-N backbone formed from three ruthenium coordination octahedra, giving an effectively cylindrical shape to the ion. Resonance Raman spectra are consistent with retention of(More)
Dynamics of bovine hemoglobin assembly was investigated by monitoring monomers/oligomers equilibria in solution with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry and circular dichroism spectroscopy. Intensities of ionic signals corresponding to various protein species (tetramers, dimers, heme-deficient dimers, as well as apo- and holo-monomers) were used to(More)
Mass spectrometry has played a key role in identifying the members of a series of gold clusters, which has enabled the development of magic-number cluster theory. The successes of the gold cluster system have yet to be repeated in another metal cluster system, however. Silver clusters in particular have proven to be challenging due to their relative(More)
Noble-metal nanoparticles have had a substantial impact across a diverse range of fields, including catalysis, sensing, photochemistry, optoelectronics, energy conversion and medicine. Although silver has very desirable physical properties, good relative abundance and low cost, gold nanoparticles have been widely favoured owing to their proved stability and(More)
Our previous studies of hemoglobin tetramer assembly in vitro suggested that the initial step in the oligomerization process, which ultimately dictates the high fidelity of the heterotetramer (alpha*beta*)2 assembly, is the binding of a flexible heme-free beta-globin chain to a highly ordered heme-bound alpha*-globin. In this work, we extend these studies(More)
It has been postulated that phenol-containing areas of plant and animal tissues were osmiophilic, but proof of direct interaction between osmium tetroxide and phenolic materials, or the nature of such reactions, has been lacking. We find that, under conditions similar to those of normal tissue fixation, osmium tetroxide reacts rapidly with those phenols(More)
Alanyl-tRNA synthetase, a dimeric class 2 aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, activates glycine and serine at significant rates. An editing activity hydrolyzes Gly-tRNA(ala) and Ser-tRNA(ala) to ensure fidelity of aminoacylation. Analytical ultracentrifugation demonstrates that the enzyme is predominately a dimer in solution. ATP binding to full length enzyme(More)
Although silver nanoparticles are of great fundamental and practical interest, only one structure has been determined thus far: M4Ag44(SPh)30, where M is a monocation, and SPh is an aromatic thiolate ligand. This is in part due to the fact that no other molecular silver nanoparticles have been synthesized with aromatic thiolate ligands. Here we report the(More)
The osmiophilia, under the conditions of normal tissue fixation, of the histidine, lysine, tryptophan, cysteine and methionine side chain of proteins is suggested by in vitro studies on blocked amino acids representative of such protein side chains, and the chemical nature of the reaction products elucidated. The chemical feasibility of inter- or(More)