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OBJECTIVE The authors sought to carefully test, by using a technique of continuous CSF sampling, the hypothesis that basal elevations in CSF corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) concentrations exist in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). They also sought to assess the relationship among PTSD symptoms, adrenocortical activity, and CSF CRH(More)
Very little is known about the physiologic significance of the gut-brain hormone cholecystokinin (CCK) in the human central nervous system, although the hormone has been hypothesized to be involved in the regulation of both appetite and anxiety. We continuously collected lumbar cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) via indwelling subarachnoid catheters in ten normal(More)
Opioid-mediated analgesia develops in experimental animals following traumatic stress and increased opioid-mediated analgesia has been observed in combat veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). These observations have led to the hypothesis that increased central nervous system (CNS) opioidergic activity exists in patients with PTSD. However,(More)
The plasma cortisol rhythm in man has been presumed to be an endogenous circadian rhythm, synchronized by some external stimulus to an exact 24-h period. Sleep/wake and 'social activity' cycles have been considered as candidates for this synchronizer. Previous studies have suggested that the dark/light phase shifts associated with the sleep-wake cycle may(More)
Abnormalities in corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) secretion, noradrenergic neurotransmission, and serotonergic activity in the central nervous system (CNS) have all been hypothesized to exist in alcoholic patients, as have abnormalities in hypothalamic-pituitary adrenal function. To test these hypotheses, we continuously sampled cerebrospinal fluid(More)
The possibility that dopamine may play a role in the in vivo control of aldosterone production in man was suggested to us by reports from others; (a) that bromocriptine, a dopaminergic agonist, inhibits the aldosterone response to diuresis and to the infusion of angiotensin or ACTH; and (b) that metaclopramide, a dopamine blocking agent, causes elevations(More)
The present studies extend recent findings that mice null for the alpha(2A) adrenergic receptor (alpha(2A) AR KO mice) lack suppression of exogenous secretagogue-stimulated insulin secretion in response to alpha(2) AR agonists by evaluating the endogenous secretagogue, glucose, ex vivo, and providing in vivo data that baseline insulin levels are elevated(More)
Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) is a neuropeptide thought to play a role in appetite regulation. In this report, we used a serial cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) sampling technique to examine the relationship between CSF CRH, plasma ACTH and cortisol and perceptions of hunger and satiety in fasting and sated volunteers. CSF was withdrawn continuously from(More)
Arginine vasopressin (AVP) stimulates biphasic release of ACTH from anterior pituitary corticotrophs. The response consists of an initial transient spike phase lasting less than 3 min and a subsequent sustained plateau phase that persists for as long as AVP is present. AVP also acts synergistically with CRF on ACTH release. We have previously shown that the(More)
Glucocorticoids indirectly alter adrenocortical steroid output through the inhibition of ACTH secretion by the anterior pituitary. However, previous studies suggest that glucocorticoids can directly affect adrenocortical steroid production. Therefore, we have investigated the ability of glucocorticoids to affect transcription of adrenocortical steroid(More)