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We address the problem of verifying Probabilistic Computation Tree Logic (PCTL) properties of Markov Decision Processes (MDPs) whose state transition probabilities are only known to lie within uncertainty sets. We first introduce the model of Convex-MDPs (CMDPs), i.e., MDPs with convex uncertainty sets. CMDPs generalize Interval-MDPs (IMDPs) by allowing(More)
— We propose a methodology to determine the occurrence of falls from among other common human movements. The source data is collected by wearable and mobile platforms based on three-axis accelerometers to measure subject kinematics. Our signal processing consists of preprocessing, pattern recognition and classification. One problem with data acquisition is(More)
— The quality of formal specifications and the circuits they are written for can be evaluated through checks such as vacuity and coverage. Both checks involve mutations to the specification or the circuit implementation. In this context, we study and prove properties of mutations to finite-state systems. Since faults can be viewed as mutations, our theory(More)
Endophytc fungi were collected from the barks, branches and leaves of Taxus chinensis var. mairei from the Jiangxi, Zhejiang and Chongqing regions of China and their influences on geographic and tissue investigated. A total of 145 fungal taxa were identified based on molecular techniques, of these 125 taxa (86.2 %) belonging to Ascomycota, 14 (9.7 %) to(More)
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DNA replication is a highly precise process that is initiated from origins of replication (ORIs) and is regulated by a set of regulatory proteins. The mining of DNA sequence information will be not only beneficial for understanding the regulatory mechanism of replication initiation but also for accurately identifying ORIs. In this study, the GC profile and(More)
Effective system verification requires good specifications. The lack of sufficient specifications can lead to misses of critical bugs, design re-spins, and time-to-market slips. In this paper, we present a new technique for mining temporal specifications from simulation or execution traces of a digital hardware design. Given an execution trace, we mine(More)