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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are aberrant in many human tumors which can be transferred to immune cells by tumor-derived exosomes. Dendritic cells (DCs) play an important role in activation of immune response. However, the effect of tumor-derived exosomes on toll-like receptor (TLR) in DCs remains unclear. We investigated the influence of pancreatic cancer derived(More)
PREMISE OF THE STUDY The redundancies in expressed sequence tags (ESTs) in the National Center for Biotechnology Information sequence database were used to identify and develop polymorphic simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers for pepper (Capsicum annuum). METHODS AND RESULTS Sixty-eight polymorphic SSR loci were identified in the contigs (containing(More)
Leaderless translation is prevalent in haloarchaea, with many of these leaderless transcripts possessing short 5'-untranslated regions (UTRs) less than 10 nucleotides. Whereas, little is known about the function of this very short 5'-UTR. Our previous studies determined that just four nucleotides preceded the start codon of hsp70 mRNA in Natrinema sp. J7,(More)
Keywords: Sparsity Compressive sensing Seismic trace interpolation Iterative shrinkage-thresholding (IST) Projection onto convex sets (POCS) a b s t r a c t Interpolating the missing traces of regularly or irregularly sampled seismic record is an exceedingly important issue in the geophysical community. Many modern acquisition and reconstruction methods are(More)
BACKGROUND Prediction of postoperative survival for hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCCA) remains difficult although there have been a variety of clinical classification and staging systems. This study was designed to validate and compare some of the major HCCA staging systems in use today. In addition, we sought to build up a new staging system modified from(More)
The recent progress of compressive sensing (CS) theory shows that perfect reconstruction is possible when the data are sampled randomly and compressed greatly. This revolutionary theory strongly advocates the irregular sampling pattern in the process of seismic data acquisition, leading to a highly reduced acquisition cost. The complete seismic record can(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of Delta-like ligand 4(DLL4) and Endoglin(CD105) labeled microvessel density(MVD) in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and evaluate their correlation with major clinicopathologic features and patients’ survival. Forty-two pancreatic cancer and 20 normal pancreatic tissues were included in the(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding small RNAs which play an important regulatory role in various biological processes. Previous studies have reported that miRNAs are involved in fruit development in model plants. However, the miRNAs related to fruit development and quality in hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) remains unknown. In this study, small RNA(More)