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BACKGROUND On March 30, a novel influenza A subtype H7N9 virus (A/H7N9) was detected in patients with severe respiratory disease in eastern China. Virological factors associated with a poor clinical outcome for this virus remain unclear. We quantified the viral load and analysed antiviral resistance mutations in specimens from patients with A/H7N9. (More)
Neuraminidase inhibitors (NAIs) are the only available licensed therapeutics against human H7N9 influenza virus infections. The emergence of NAI-resistant variants of H7N9viruses with an NA R292K mutation poses a therapeutic challenge. A comprehensive understanding of the susceptibility of these viruses to clinically available NAIs, non-NAIs and their(More)
A new avian-origin influenza virus A (H7N9) recently crossed the species barrier and infected humans; therefore, there is an urgent need to establish mammalian animal models for studying the pathogenic mechanism of this strain and the immunological response. In this study, we attempted to develop mouse models of H7N9 infection because mice are traditionally(More)
Since late 2012, coxsackievirus A6 (CVA6) has gradually become the predominant pathogen responsible for hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) in several provinces of China. A total of 626 patients diagnosed with HFMD in Shanghai, China from January 2012 to September 2013 were enrolled in this study. Of these, 292 CVA6 infected cases were subjected to clinical(More)
While much effort has been made to characterize influenza A pdm09 virus (pH1N1), the flu that was responsible for the fourth influenza pandemic, there is a lack of study on the composition of bacteria that lead to secondary infection. In this study, we recruited pneumonia patients with and without pH1N1 infection and characterized their oropharyngeal(More)
Sensitive molecular techniques are needed for rapid detection of the R292K oseltamivir-resistant mutant of influenza A(H7/N9) virus strain to monitor its transmission and guide antiviral treatment. We developed a real-time reverse transcription PCR and single nucleotide polymorphism probes to differentiate this mutant strain in mixed virus populations in(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical features of avian-origin influenza virus A (H7N9) virus infection have been extensively characterized, but viral RNA detection in extra-pulmonary samples has seldom been studied. OBJECTIVES To study shedding of viral RNA in extra pulmonary samples in patients with avian influenza H7N9 infections. STUDY DESIGN A retrospective(More)
Cytidine monophosphate kinase (CMPK), a member of the nucleoside monophosphate kinase family, plays an important role in the biosynthesis of nucleoside metabolism, DNA repair and tumour development. In this study, we demonstrated for the first time that CMPK was overexpressed in human ovarian epithelial borderline and malignant tumours using tissue(More)
Human rhinovirus (HRV) is the virus most often associated with acute upper respiratory tract infections. Advances in molecular detection have shown that HRV is also the major viral cause of asthma exacerbations. Genotypic assignment and identification of HRV types are of significant value in the investigation of type-associated differences in disease(More)
A novel recombinant coxsackievirus A6 (CVA6) strain was isolated during a coxsackievirus A6 outbreak in Shanghai, China, in 2013. Genomic sequence and similarity plot analysis showed that the novel CVA6 strain shared higher similarity with a recent CVA4 strain rather than the recent CVA6 strain in the 2C and 3' untranslated regions (UTRs).
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