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Presented is an extension of the CHARMM General Force Field (CGenFF) to enable the modeling of sulfonyl-containing compounds. Model compounds containing chemical moieties such as sulfone, sulfonamide, sulfonate, and sulfamate were used as the basis for the parameter optimization. Targeting high-level quantum mechanical and experimental crystal data, the new(More)
The glycoside hydrolase of 7-β-xylosyltaxanes (designated as LXYL-P1-2) is encoded by Lxyl-p1-2 isolated from Lentinula edodes. This hydrolase specifically removes C-7 xylose from 7-β-xylosyltaxanes to form 7-β-hydroxyltaxanes, which can be used for the semi-synthesis of paclitaxel or its analogues. In our present study, we established a high-cell-density(More)
Accumulating evidence implicates the relationship between neuroinflammation and pathogenesis in idiopathic Parkinson's disease (iPD). The nose has recently been considered a gate way to the brain which facilitates entry of environmental neurotoxin into the brain. Our study aims to build a PD model by a natural exposure route. In this report, we establish a(More)
The potential value of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) in treating Parkinson's disease (PD) remains controversial. In order to evaluate the therapeutic effect of GDNF-engineered bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) in parkinsonian rat model, GDNF-BMSCs and LacZ-BMSCs were transplanted into striatum and followed by Lactacystin lesioning at(More)
The accumulation of misfolded α-synuclein in dopamine (DA) neurons is believed to be of major importance in the pathogenesis of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Animal models of PD, based on viral-vector-mediated over-expression of α-synuclein, have been developed and show evidence of dopaminergic toxicity, providing us a good tool to investigate potential(More)
It has been shown in many solid tumors that the overexpression of the pro-survival Bcl-2 family members Bcl-2/Bcl-xL and Mcl-1 confers resistance to a variety of chemotherapeutic agents. We designed the BH3 α-helix mimetic JY-1-106 to engage the hydrophobic BH3-binding grooves on the surfaces of both Bcl-xL and Mcl-1. JY-1-106–protein complexes were studied(More)
The applicability of a computational method, Site Identification by Ligand Competitive Saturation (SILCS), to identify regions on a protein surface with which different types of functional groups on low-molecular weight inhibitors interact is demonstrated. The method involves molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of a protein in an aqueous solution of(More)
Mucosal vaccination offers great advantage for inducing protective immune response to prevent viral transmission and dissemination. Here, we report our findings of a head-to-head comparison of two viral vectors modified vaccinia Ankara (MVA) and a novel replication-competent modified vaccinia Tian Tan (MVTT) for inducing neutralizing antibodies (Nabs) via(More)
We have previously reported on the functional interaction of Lipid II with human alpha-defensins, a class of antimicrobial peptides. Lipid II is an essential precursor for bacterial cell wall biosynthesis and an ideal and validated target for natural antibiotic compounds. Using a combination of structural, functional and in silico analyses, we present here(More)
Database screening using receptor-based pharmacophores is a computer-aided drug design technique that uses the structure of the target molecule (i.e. protein) to identify novel ligands that may bind to the target. Typically receptor-based pharmacophore modeling methods only consider a single or limited number of receptor conformations and map out the(More)