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To develop a small molecule-based tracer for in vivo apoptosis imaging, dansylhydrazone (DFNSH) was synthesized in 93% yield in less than 30 min. The biological evaluation showed that DFNSH selectively binds to paclitaxel-induced apoptotic cancer cells. The high magnification fluorescent images demonstrate that DFNSH is localized within the cytoplasm of(More)
Multimodal imaging-guided photothermal therapy (PTT), for the therapy of cancer, based on a ferritin (FRT) nanocage loaded with the near-infrared dye IR820 (designated DFRT) is demonstrated. The dual roles of DFRT (in imaging and PTT) are successfully balanced by using two different excitation wavelengths: 550 nm for high quantum-yield fluorescence imaging(More)
Effective novel therapeutics is urgently needed due to increasing incidence of malignant cancer and drug multi-resistance. Natural products and their derivatives have historically been a source of pharmaceutical leads and therapeutic drugs. Microtubule-targeting compounds are among the most promising candidates in the combat against cancer. In particular,(More)
Apoptosis, or programmed cell death, is involved in numerous human conditions including neurodegenerative diseases, ischemic damage, autoimmune disorders and many types of cancer, and is often confused with other types of cell death. Therefore strategies that enable visualized detection of apoptosis would be of enormous benefit in the clinic for diagnosis,(More)
The development of imageable photothermal theranostics has attracted considerable attention for imaging guided photothermal therapy (PTT) with high tumor ablation accuracy. In this study, we strategically constructed a near-infrared (NIR) cyanine dye by introducing a rigid cyclohexenyl ring to the heptamethine chain to obtain a heptamethine dye CySCOOH with(More)
Integrins have an important impact on the regulation of normal and tumor cell migration and survival, especially the integrin αvβ3 and its role in angiogenesis and tumor metastasis. Owing to the role of integrins, non-invasive imaging of αvβ3 expression in diseased tissue will be of great benefit in directing adjuvant therapy for cancer patients. To this(More)
Owing to the central role of apoptosis in many human diseases and the wide-spread application of apoptosis-based therapeutics, molecular imaging of apoptosis in clinical practice is of great interest for clinicians, and holds great promises. Based on the well-defined biochemical changes for apoptosis, a rich assortment of probes and approaches have been(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive decline in multiple cognitive domains and it becomes the most common cause of dementia in the elderly. There is an urgent need for the early diagnosis and treatment of AD to ease caregiver burden and medical costs, as well as improve patients' living activities associated(More)
Apoptosis, or programmed cell death, is an important physiologic process multicellular organisms use to maintain homeostasis by providing a means for elimination of redundant cells during development. Furthermore, cells that have become damaged or are defective undergo apoptosis to prevent disease. It is an important process involved in the etiology,(More)
The imaging of sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs), the first defense against primary tumor metastasis, has been considered as an important strategy for noninvasive tracking tumor metastasis in clinics. In this study, we developed an imaging contrast system based on fluorescent dye-loaded mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNPs) that integrate near-infrared (NIR)(More)