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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of 20-24 nt non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression primarily through post-transcriptional repression or mRNA degradation in a sequence-specific manner. The roles of miRNAs are just beginning to be understood, but the study of miRNA function has been limited by poor understanding of the general principles of gene(More)
Pleiotrophin (PTN) plays diverse roles in cell growth and differentiation. In this investigation, we demonstrate that PTN plays a negative role in adipogensis and that glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (GSK-3beta) and beta-catenin are involved in the regulation of PTN-mediated preadipocyte differentiation. Knocking down the expression of PTN using siRNA(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) guide posttranscriptional repression of mRNAs. Hundreds of miRNAs have been identified but the target identification of mammalian mRNAs is still a difficult task due to a poor understanding of the interaction between miRNAs and the miRNA recognizing element (MRE). In recent research, the importance of the 5' end of the miRNA:MRE duplex(More)
This study investigates therapeutic efficacy of photothermal therapy (PTT) in an orthotropic xenograft model of bone metastasis of breast cancer. The near-infrared (NIR) irradiation on Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes (MWNTs) resulted in a rapid heat generation which increased with the MWNTs concentration up to 100 μg/ml. MWNTs alone exhibited no toxicity, but(More)
Advanced oxidation protein products (AOPPs) have been shown to participate in the progression of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, the effect of AOPPs accumulation on catabolic effect in human chondrocyte and the underlying mechanism(s) remain unclear. The present study demonstrated that AOPPs inhibited cell viability and glycosaminoglycan (GAG)(More)
patients with PARP-1 over-expression and characterized the apoptosis mechanisms underlying the redox condition. Many of the figure panels in the paper summarize data from multiple experiments. The authors have now detected a number of errors in these panels. The authors believe that the most responsible course of action is to retract our paper. The authors(More)
Advanced oxidation production products (AOPPs) have been confirmed to accumulate in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Previous study demonstrated that AOPPs could accelerate cartilage destruction in rabbit arthritis model. However, the effect of AOPP stimulation on apoptosis of human chondrocyte and the underlying mechanisms remains unclear. This(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is up-regulated in the vast majority of human tumors. The up-regulation of VEGF not only plays important roles in tumor angiogenesis, but also provides a target for tumor treatment with small interfering RNA (siRNA) that targets VEGF; however, it is unclear whether a quite high up-regulation of VEGF will affect the(More)
This study aimed to investigate the effect of AOPPs on apoptosis in human chondrocytes. Chondrocytes were treated with AOPPs. Cell death, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase activity, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, and the expression of apoptotic proteins were detected in vitro. AOPPs levels were detected by colorimetric(More)