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Extension deficit builds up over centuries at divergent plate boundaries and is recurrently removed during rifting events, accompanied by magma intrusions and transient metre-scale deformation. However, information on transient near-field deformation has rarely been captured, hindering progress in understanding rifting mechanisms and evolution. Here we show(More)
BACKGROUND Excessive immune-mediated inflammatory reactions play a deleterious role in postinfarction ventricular remodeling. Interleukin-37 (IL-37) emerges as an inhibitor of both innate and adaptive immunity. However, the exact role of IL-37 and IL-37 plus troponin I (TnI)-treated dendritic cells (DCs) in ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction(More)
Submarine eruptions that lead to the formation of new volcanic islands are rare and far from being fully understood; only a few such eruptions have been witnessed since Surtsey Island emerged to the south of Iceland in the 1960s. Here we report on two new volcanic islands that were formed in the Zubair archipelago of the southern Red Sea in 2011-2013. Using(More)
Mitochondrial DNA plays an important role in living organisms, and has been used as a powerful molecular marker in a variety of evolutionary studies. In this study, we determined the complete mtDNA of Bean goose (Anser fabalis), which is 16,688 bp long and contains 13 protein-coding genes, 2 rRNAs, 22 tRNAs and a control region. The arrangement is similar(More)
BACKGROUND The current asthma guidelines encourage use of a diary for assessing and monitoring symptoms and airway function. However, patient compliance and acceptability are usually poor owing to the burden of frequent and prolonged assessment. OBJECTIVE We investigated whether better patient compliance could be ensured if a study was more relevant to(More)
Spectroscopic properties of bismuth doped borate, silicate and phosphate glasses have been reinvestigated in this work. It shows the typical decay time of Bi(3+) is around 500ns rather than 2.7-to-3.9 μs reported by Parke and Webb at room temperature. Introduction of higher content either alkali or alkali earth into borate glasses favors the Bi(3+)(More)
The ideal habitat use of waterbirds can be considered to be fixed, but current habitat use depends on environmental conditions, especially those of food characteristics, considered crucial to their use of habitats. Understanding how waterbirds respond to variation in food availability at degraded wetland sites and change their habitat use patterns over(More)
Proteasome inhibitor bortezomib has proven efficacy against multiple myeloma. However, bortezomib activates the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/AKT (PI3K/AKT) pathway (which is essential to the development of myeloma), often resulting in drug resistance and disease recurrence. The addition of BKM120 significantly enhanced the apoptotic effects of bortezomib(More)
Soils of corn-rape seed rotation, soybean-winter wheat rotation and fallow land in Guizhou were representatively selected to study effects of precipitation and soil moisture on N2O emissions. Furthermore, DNDC model was used to assess the potential effects of variations in precipitation in future on N2O emissions from above lands. The results indicated that(More)
Arsenic trioxide (As2O3) and the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib (BTZ) have been used successfully to treat acute promyelocytic leukemia and multiple myeloma. Their synergistic effects with other anticancer drugs have been widely studied. In this study, interactions between As2O3 and BTZ were examined in imatinib‑resistant Bcr/Abl+ (K562r) cells.(More)