Wenbin Shang

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Evidence has accumulated that ginseng and its main active constituents, ginsenosides, possess anti-diabetic and insulin-sensitizing properties which may be partly realized by regulating adipocyte development and functions. In the present study, we explored the effect of ginsenoside Rb(1), the most abundant ginsenoside in ginseng root, on adipogenesis of(More)
Visfatin was recently identified as an adipocytokine and has insulin mimetic properties, but its role in adolescents remains largely unknown. In this study, we examined the impact of adolescent obesity on circulating visfatin levels and the relationship between visfatin and anthropometric indices, insulin sensitivity, and blood lipids in Chinese adolescents(More)
Emodin, one of the main active components in the root and rhizome of Rheum palmatum L, promoted the conversion of 3T3-L1 fibroblasts to adipocytes, as evidenced by increased glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH) activity and the expression of adipocyte aP2 mRNA, as well as accelerated triacylglycerol (TG) accumulation, which was associated with(More)
A series of clinical trials and animal experiments have demonstrated that ginseng and its major active constituent, ginsenosides, possess glucose-lowering action. In our previous study, ginsenoside Rb(1) has been shown to regulate peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma activity to facilitate adipogenesis of 3T3-L1 cells. However, the effect of(More)
BACKGROUND Ginsenoside Rb1 (G-Rb1), the major active constituent of ginseng, improves insulin sensitivity and exerts antidiabetic effects. We tested whether the insulin-sensitizing and antidiabetic effects of G-Rb1 results from a reduction in ectopic fat accumulation, mediated by inhibition of lipolysis in adipocytes. METHODS Obese and diabetic db/db mice(More)
Berberine exerts a hypoglycemic effect, but the mechanism remains unknown. In the present study, the effect of berberine on glucose uptake was characterized in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. It was revealed that berberine stimulated glucose uptake in 3T3-L1 adipocytes in a dose- and time-dependent manner with the maximal effect at 12 hours. Glucose uptake was increased(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of berberine on serum levels of TNF-alpha, IL-6 and adiponectin in obese mice induced by high fat diet and its potential molecular mechanisms. METHOD Normal male Kunming mice were randomly divided into two groups taking normal chow (NC, n = 10) and high fat diet (HF, n = 30), respectively. After 13 weeks, HF mice were(More)
AIMS Insulin resistance is associated with a chronic inflammation in adipose tissue which is propagated by a phenotypic switch in adipose tissue macrophage (ATM) polarization. This study aimed to investigate whether berberine, the major alkaloid of rhizoma coptidis, can improve insulin resistance through inhibiting ATM activation and inflammatory response(More)
The improved effects of dietary chickpeas on visceral adiposity, dyslipidaemia and insulin resistance were examined. Rats were fed a normal-fat diet (NFD), a high-fat diet (HFD) or a high-fat plus chickpea diet (HFD+CP) for 8 months. The epididymal fat pad weight v. total body weight of rats was higher in the HFD group (0.032 (sd 0.0042) g/g) than in the(More)
Berberine, a hypoglycemic agent, has recently been shown to activate AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) contributing to its beneficial metabolic effects in peripheral tissues. However, whether berberine exerts a regulatory effect on beta-cells via AMPK or other signaling pathways and counteracts glucolipotoxicity remains uncertain. In the present study,(More)