Wen-ying Chen

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Cell transplantation using bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) to alleviate neurological deficits has recently become the focus of research in regenerative medicine. Evidence suggests that secretion of various growth-promoting substances likely plays an important role in functional recovery against neurological diseases. In an attempt to identify a possible(More)
Tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) has been used to treat ischemic stroke. However, scientific evidence related to its effectiveness or precise modes of neuroprotective action is largely unclear. This study provides evidence of an alternative target for TMP and sheds light on the mechanism of its physiological benefits. We report a global inhibitory effect of TMP on(More)
Pristimerin, a naturally occurring triterpenoid, has been shown to cause cytotoxicity in several cancer cell lines. However, the mechanism for the cytotoxic effect of pristimerin was never explored. In the present study, human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells treated with pristimerin (1 and 3 micromol/L) showed rapid induction of apoptosis, as indicated by(More)
Rapamycin is an immunosuppressant drug used to prevent organ rejection in transplant patients. In this study, we investigated the metabolic effects of rapamycin in an obese animal model, KK/HlJ mice. Mice were treated with a daily intraperitoneal injection of rapamycin at 2 mg/kg or vehicle for 42 days on a high-fat diet. Treated mice lost body weight and(More)
Cellular inflammatory response plays an important role in ischemic brain injury and anti-inflammatory treatments in stroke are beneficial. Dietary supplementation with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) shows anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects against ischemic stroke. However, its effectiveness and its precise modes of neuroprotective action remain(More)
This study was designed to determine whether HCO(3)(-) and Cl(-) are required for the activation of the GABA(A) receptor/Cl(-) channel (GBRC) by GABA and the subsequent capacitation of rat sperm. Spermatozoa from adult Sprague Dawley rats were incubated in four different media: modified complete rat fertilization medium (mRFM), Cl(-)-deficient (Cl(-)-DF)(More)
Protoapigenone, a natural derivative of the flavonoid apigenin, has been shown to exhibit potent antitumor activity in vitro and in vivo; the precise mechanism of action, however, is not fully elucidated. In this study, we investigated and compared the mechanisms by which protoapigenone and apigenin caused cell death in the human breast cancer MDA-MB-231(More)
Rapamycin (RAPA), an immunosuprpressive drug used extensively to prevent graft rejection in transplant patients, has been reported to inhibit adipogenesis in vitro. In this study, we investigated the anti-obesity effects of RAPA in C57BL/6J mice on a high-fat diet (HFD). Mice treated with RAPA (2 mg/kg per week for 16 weeks) had reduced body weight and(More)
Goniothalamin, a natural occurring styryl-lactone, is a novel compound with putative anticancer activities. In the present study, the mechanism of action of goniothalamin was further investigated in human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells. Goniothalamin treatment of cells significantly induced cell cycle arrest at G(2)/M phase and apoptosis. By means of cell(More)
Rutin has been shown to possess beneficial health effects, including hepatoprotection. However, to date, it has not been demonstrated to have a hepatoprotective effect against cholestatic liver injury. This is the first report to show a protective effect of rutin on cholestatic liver injury. Cholestasis was produced by bile duct ligation (BDL) in male(More)