Wen-ling Cheng

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Data from a number of researchers have shown that conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) has some beneficial health activities in animal models. Because inflammatory responses are associated with pathophysiology of many diseases, the aim of this study is to explore the effect and mechanism of CLA in the regulation of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory(More)
Mitochondria are eukaryotic organelles responsible for energy production. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) lack introns and protective histones, have limited DNA repair capacity and compensate for damage by increasing the number of mtDNA copies. As a consequence, mitochondria are more susceptible to reactive oxygen species, an important determinant of cancer risk,(More)
AIMS Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is characterized by a group of defects of metabolic origin which are possibly involved in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) alteration of mtDNA content [Lee et al. Exp Biol Med, 2007; 232(5):592-606]. The present study was undertaken to ascertain whether alteration of leukocyte mtDNA copy number is related to MetS. METHODS Eighty(More)
Diabetes, obesity, and cigarette smoke, consistent risk factors for pancreatic cancer, are sources of oxidative stress in humans that could cause mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) damage and increase mtDNA copy number. To test whether higher mtDNA copy number is associated with increased incident pancreatic cancer, we conducted a nested case-control study in the(More)
Machado-Joseph disease (MJD)/spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder caused by polyglutamine expansion in the ataxin-3 protein that confers a toxic gain of function. Because of the late onset of the disease, we hypothesize that the accumulated oxidative stress or/and defective antioxidant enzyme ability may(More)
OBJECTIVE Mitochondria are important organelles in cell biology. We aimed to study the effects of mitochondrial DNA variations in cumulus cells (CCs) upon in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) outcomes. STUDY DESIGN A total of 51 women undergoing IVF-ET were recruited for the study. The CCs were collected during oocyte retrievals.(More)
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is vulnerable to mutations, and the number of copies of mtDNA per cell may increase to compensate for DNA damage. Case-control studies have reported associations between altered mtDNA copy number and risk of renal cell carcinoma (RCC); however, this association has not been investigated prospectively. We conducted a nested(More)
Statins are among the most widely used drugs in the management of hypercholesterolemia. In addition to inhibiting endogenous cholesterol synthesis, however, statins decrease coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) synthesis. CoQ10 has been reported to have antioxidant properties, and administration of drugs that decrease CoQ10 synthesis might lead to increased oxidative(More)
OBJECTIVE Investigate the latent cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection as a biomarker of oxidative stress and atherosclerosis. METHODS Latent CMV infection was diagnosed in healthy individuals with PCR-evidence of CMV DNA in peripheral leucocytes. Oxidative stress and atherosclerosis were measured by mitochondrial DNA oxidative damage index (mtDNA(ΔCT)) and(More)
Polyglutamine (poly-Q) diseases are late-onset neurodegenerative disorders arising from the expansion of an unstable CAG repeat in the affected gene, which is translated to a tract of glutamine residues. This kind of mutant proteins may be aggregated and accumulated, and thereby enhance cellular oxidative stress. In one of our previous studies (Free Radic.(More)