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Regulatory T cells (Tr cells) play a critical role in inducing immune tolerance. It remains largely unclear how various types of Tr cells perform their regulatory function. We have studied the underlying regulatory mechanism of a population of autoantigen-specific CD4+ Tr cells. These T cells are specific for the glutamic acid decarboxylase p206-220 peptide(More)
OBJECTIVE All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA), a potent derivative of vitamin A, can regulate immune responses. However, its role in inducing immune tolerance associated with the prevention of islet inflammation and inhibition of type 1 diabetes remains unclear. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We investigated the mechanisms underlying the potential(More)
Both Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) and antigen-expanded Foxp3(-) Tregs play an important role in regulating immune responses as well as in preventing autoimmune diseases and graft rejection. Molecular mechanisms modulating Treg function remain largely unclear, however. We report here on the expression and function of an inhibitory killer cell Ig-like(More)
Autoantigen-based immunotherapy can modulate autoimmune diabetes, perhaps due to the activation of Ag-specific regulatory T cells. Studies of these regulatory T cells should help us understand their roles in diabetes and aid in designing a more effective immunotherapy. We have used class II MHC tetramers to isolate Ag-specific T cells from nonobese diabetic(More)
Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (Treg) play a crucial role in regulating immune tolerance. The use of Treg to restore immune tolerance is considered an attractive novel approach to inhibit autoimmune disease, including type 1 diabetes (T1D), and to prevent rejection of organ transplants. In view of the goal of developing autologous Treg-based cell therapy for(More)
The TCR zeta-chain-associated protein of 70 kDA (ZAP-70) and Syk tyrosine kinases play critical roles in regulating TCR-mediated signal transduction. They not only share some overlapped functions but also may play unique roles in regulating the function and development of T cells. However, it is not known whether they have different effects on the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the status of vaccination against hepatitis B among postgraduate students of medical institutions of higher education in Guangzhou. METHODS HBsAg and anti-HBs in the serum samples from 1139 postgraduate students were detected by ELISA. Data on hepatitis B vaccine inoculation were investigated by using a questionnaire. Statistical(More)
Recruitment of CD4(+) T cells into islets is a critical component of islet inflammation (insulitis) leading to type 1 diabetes; therefore, determining if conditions used to treat diabetes change their trafficking patterns is relevant to the outcome. Cotransfer of CD4(+)BDC2.5 (BDC) cells with non-CD4 splenocytes obtained from newly diabetic NOD mice, but(More)
TCR/CD3 complex-mediated signals play critical roles in regulating CD4(+) Th cell differentiation. In this report, we have examined the in vivo role of a key TCR/CD3 complex molecule zeta-chain in regulating the differentiation of Th cells. We have studied T cells from zeta-chain-deficient mice (zetaKO mice), zeta-chain-bearing mice (zeta(+) mice), and from(More)