Wen-fei Chiou

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We have reported that andrographolide (ANDRO), an active component of Andrographis paniculata, inhibits inflammatory responses by rat neutrophils. To further elucidate the possible mechanism(s) underlying the ANDRO's effect, N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP)-induced adhesion and transmigration of isolated peripheral human neutrophils were(More)
Angelica sinensis (AS), an herb used in traditional Chinese medicine, is thought to have anti-inflammatory activities. Ligustilide is its most abundant ingredient. This study sought to determine ligustilide's effects on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Ligustilide significantly suppressed the production of nitric oxide(More)
We hypothesized that prevention of neutrophil from activation may underlie the myocardial protective effect of the specially processed extract of radix Stephaniae tetrandrae (SPRST). Inflammatory responses in isolated peripheral human neutrophils were studied in the presence or absence of SPRST. SPRST (1-10 microg/ml) concentration-dependently prevented(More)
Tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) is the major component extracted from the Chinese herb, Chuanxiong. This study focuses on the protective effect of tetramethylpyrazine in kainate-induced excitotoxicity in rat hippocampus. Primary neuronal cultures raised from cells isolated from the hippocampi of 7-day old rats were treated with kainate (75-450 microM) for 12, 24,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE 2-Methoxystypandrone (2-MS) is a naphthoquinone isolated from Polygonum cuspidatum, a Chinese herb used to treat bone diseases. Here we have determined whether 2-MS antagonised osteoclast development and bone resorption. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH RAW264.7 cells were treated with receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB)(More)
Bioassay-directed fractionation led to the identification of four known coumarins, osthole (1), imperatorin (2), xanthotoxin (3), and isopimpinellin (4), from the ethanolic extract of the fruit of Cnidium monnieri (L.) Cusson. In phenylephrine (PE)-precontracted endothelium-intact rabbit corpus cavernosum, all four coumarins exhibited relaxing effect with(More)
Twenty-four secondary metabolites, including 16 isoflavonoids, 7 astragalasides, and 1 benzoquinone, have been isolated from the roots of Astragalus membranaceus (Astragali radix). Among these isolated isoflavonoids, (-)-methylinissolin 3-O-β-d-(6'-acetyl)-glucoside (1), (-)-methylinissolin 3-O-β-d-{6'-[(E)-but-2-enoyl]}-glucoside (2), and calycosin(More)
The vasodilatation of isolated rat aorta by tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) was studied by examining its effect on phenylephrine-induced contraction. We found no difference between the effects on intact and on endothelium-denuded preparations. The effect of TMP was similar to that of theophylline because propranolol did not block the vasodilatation. Also, there(More)
1. We investigated whether andrographolide, a diterpenoid lactone found at Andrographis paniculata, influences the induction of the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in RAW264.7 cells activated by bacterial endotoxin (LPS), as well as in the rats with endotoxic shock and in aortic rings treated with LPS. 2. Incubation of RAW264.7 cells with(More)
We now evaluated the anti-inflammatory mechanisms of andrographolide on complement 5a (C5a)-induced macrophage recruitment in vitro. Andrographolide concentration dependently inhibited cell migration toward C5a with an IC50 of 5.6+/-0.7 microM. With relatively specific kinase inhibitors (PD98059, SB203580, SP600125, wortmannin and LY294002, respectively)(More)